i-manager's Journal on Educational Psychology (JPSY)


Volume 10 Issue 2 August - October 2016

Article

Yoga – A Boon to the Adjustment Problems and Behavioural Disorders of Adolescent Students

B. Tamilselvi* , V. Mala**
* Associate Professor, Department of Education, Karpagam University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
** Research Scholar, Department of Education, Karpagam University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
Tamilselvi, B., and Mala, V. (2016). Yoga – A Boon to the Adjustment Problems and Behavioural Disorders of Adolescent Students. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 10(2), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.10.2.8274

Abstract

Adolescence period is the most important stage of a human being and it is the stage between childhood and adulthood. Adolescence is a time of storm and stress. They cannot adjust to their new role in life. They can have mental, emotional, adjustment, and behavioural problems known as “disorders”. Behavioural patterns that emerge in adolescence include smoking, consuming alcohol, other substance use, violence, sexual behaviour, etc. An individual experiences satisfaction when his physiological and psychological needs are fulfilled. Failure of satisfying the needs makes him/her depressed and disappointed. Anxiety disorders, depression, stress, risky sexual behaviours, violence, aggressive behaviour, and disobedience are some behavioural disorders of adolescent students. During adolescence, an adolescent is unable to adjust with parents, school discipline, and the community. He/she is confused with the role of adolescence with regard to somatic variation and problems. These problems greatly affect the academic performance of the adolescent students at school. The main aim of this paper is to discuss the fact that behavioural and adjustment problems can be reduced by Yoga. Yogasana, Pranayama, and Meditation are the techniques given to the Adolescent students as a solution to their problems. The purpose of this paper is to give an insight of Yoga and how Yoga helps the adolescents to lower their stress and stay calm. The result of Yoga intervention to adolescent students has positive effects on both physical and mental health. It benefits the young people not only in school, home, and the community but also throughout their life.

Research Paper

The “Intentionality Measurement Instrument” [Or “IMI”]: A Comprehensive Psychometric Instrument Based upon the Dual Quadrant Scalar Model of Intentionality that is Designed to Measure Intent, Motive Type, and Disposition

James Edward Osler II*
Faculty Member, School of Education (SOE), North Carolina Central University (NCCU), North Carolina, USA.
OslerII, J. E. (2016). The “Intentionality Measurement Instrument” [Or “IMI”]: A Comprehensive Psychometric Instrument Based upon the Dual Quadrant Scalar Model of Intentionality that is Designed to Measure Intent, Motive Type, and Disposition. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 10(2), 9-21. https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.10.2.8275

Abstract

The overall aim of this paper is to provide an epistemological rational for the measurement of intentionality. The purpose of this narrative is to identify “Intentionality” as an arena of action in the dispositional learning domain can be measured using an “Intentionality Measurement Instrument” [also referred by the acronym “IMI”] based upon a dual scalar model similar to the measurement of the correlation coefficient. The methodology of the “IMI” is to statistically test intentionality via specific psychometric instruments. The IMI as an educational science statistical metric has universal applicability and is ideally suited for measurement of purposive content (the subject matter area), purposive capability (the psychomotor domain), and purposive knowledge (the cognitive domain) based directly upon disposition (the affective domain-which determines the will, purpose, and reason behind the identified event). This methodology is a novel approach to much needed dispositional statistical data analysis. It adds considerable value to the methods designed to assess rationale and reason through specific instrument validity and reliability. A sequential computational methodology for IMI statistical analysis through a model is provided to clarity the metrics that are procedurally used in a step by step fashion that illustrates the entire process of intentionality inquiry.

Research Paper

Cognitive Developmental Phenomena of Pre-School Children in Relation to Socio-Economic Status, Anthropometric Status, and Home Environmental Status

Ananta Kumar Jena* , Bhabatosh Paul**
* Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Assam University, Silchar, India.
** M.Phil. Scholar, Department of Education, Assam University, Silchar, India.
Jena, A. K., and Paul, B. (2016). Cognitive Developmental Phenomena of Pre-School Children In Relation To Socio-Economic Status, Anthropometric Status, and Home Environmental Status. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 10(2), 22-35. https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.10.2.8276

Abstract

The present study was a causality study that investigate the effects of conditional factors; if x, y & z are the independent factors (e.g. socio-economic status, Anthropometric status, and home environmental status) on the dependent factors (e.g. memory, social skill, language acquisition, logical reasoning, and problem solving). The present study assessed the relationship between socio-economic status, anthropometric status, and home environmental status to describe the cognitive developmental phenomena of pre-school children. Here, cognitive developmental phenomena like; memory, language acquisition was dependent variable, and the socio-economic status, anthropometric status, and home environmental status of the child was the independent variables. The researcher has followed simple-random sampling technique to draw the sample from the population. The researcher has randomly selected two pre-schools of Alipurduar district and out of the two schools; the researcher has randomly selected 60 pre-school students consulted with their parents to collect the data from both the children and the parents. It was found that anthropometric and home environmental status of the pre-school children related with cognitive developmental phenomena, but not the socioeconomic status.

Research Paper

Defense Styles Influencing Career Choice of Visually Challenged Students at Undergraduate Level

S. Raja Kumar*
Assistant Professor, GRT College of Education, Tiruttani, Thiruvallur, Tamilnadu, India.
Kumar, S. R. (2016). Defense Styles Influencing Career Choice Of Visually Challenged Students At Undergraduate Level. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 10(2), 36-44. https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.10.2.8277

Abstract

Visually challenged students’ career choice is influenced by many factors, including life context, personal aptitudes, and educational attainment. This study focuses the defense styles of visually challenged students and also study about their career choice. Survey method has been adopted in this investigation. Totally 77 samples were collected randomly from 11 colleges. The population of the study is visually challenged students at Undergraduate level of Arts and Science and B.Ed. colleges in Chennai District, Tamilnadu, India. The results reveal that the defense styles of visually challenged students studying at the undergraduate level have influence over the teaching and training career.

Review Paper

Current Developments in Reading Abilities through Phonological Processing Skills and Proficiency in a Second Language

Dennis* , Rona Dela Rosa**, Sonia Janice Pilao***
* Learning Support Coach, Additional Learning Support, South Essex College, Essex, United Kingdom.
** Instructor, Department of English, Polytechnic College of the City of Meycauayan, Bulacan, Philippines
*** Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Centro Escolar University, Manila, Philippines.
Relojo, D., Rosa, R. D., and Pilao, S. J. (2016). Current Developments in Reading Abilities through Phonological Processing Skills and Proficiency in a Second Language. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 10(2), 45-54. https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.10.2.8278

Abstract

During the past decades, the way that researchers and educators understand and describe the process of reading has been revolutionised. The present article examines the current developments in reading abilities among second language readers. The developments are further discussed in terms of a theory of general second language proficiency encompassing both oral and written language. Implications on the nature of second language reading, the database in second language reading, text-and knowledge-driven operations in second language reading, and second language reading classroom factors have been provided. Assessment of comprehension is briefly reviewed, and recommendations are provided for theoretical, cultural, and educational implications. An overview of an experimental fluency programme that attempts to address multiple components in the development of reading abilities has also been discussed.