i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences (JHSS)


Volume 1 Issue 1 September - November 2019

Article

The Unbalanced Accessibility to Social Services and its Consequential Wrath to the Populace: A Look at the Genesis of Negative Ethnicity in Post Independent Kenya

David Sande Ouma *
Department of Sociology and Psychology, Moi University, Nairobi-Kenya.
Sandeouma, M. (2019). The Unbalanced Accessibility to Social Services and its Consequential Wrath to the Populace: A Look at the Genesis of Negative Ethnicity in Post Independent Kenya. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(1), 1-15.

Abstract

In most of the emerging democracies in the third world countries and more so, in Africa, competition for political power and distribution of resources has been won through the use of ethnic demographic statistics. This has resulted into negative ethnicity that has led to the outbreak of violence and conflicts in a number of African countries such as Rwanda, Nigeria, Burundi and Kenya. This has generally led to the loss of lives, with Rwanda's case reaching the genocide level; massive destruction of property and displacement of persons. Employment for instance is a process that is aimed at hiring and utilizing the expertise and workforce of the right people to accomplish different tasks. In Kenya, since the introduction of multiparty politics, every social sphere and issues have been viewed from an ethnic perspective; with heated electoral competition focusing on capturing the seat of presidency for beneficial purposes. This paper is thus aimed at providing an insight on the causal factors of negative ethnicity in the country by answering the following questions:(1) what are the precipitates of negative ethnicity in the country?; and (2) what are the probable remedies to these precipitates of negative ethnicity? The paper thus concludes that it is pivotal for historical injustices to be solved; independent institutions should be strengthened to help in enhancing good governance; strengthen devolution to enhance decentralization of power and resources to the people in their respective regions; and ensure that the spirit and dictates of the constitution are upheld to ensure that negative ethnicity is fully eliminated in the country.

Research Paper

Awareness of Human Rights, Legal Literacy, and Social Well being of Secondary School Students of Srinagar And Budgam Districts of Jammu and Kashmir

Ismail Thamarasseri*
School of Pedagogical Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Kerala, India.
Thamarasseri, I. (2019). Awareness of Human Rights, Legal Literacy, and Social Well being of Secondary School Students of Srinagar And Budgam Districts of Jammu and Kashmir. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(1), 16-26.

Abstract

Human rights, legal literacy and social well-being are dynamic concepts that will find expanded expression and constantly cover new areas as human society continues to evolve to higher levels of development. Education for these concepts are applicable at all levels of education. In the book "Dictionary of Education", Carter V. Good, emphasized that from the early years of the child, the human rights education, legal literacy and social well-being are necessary. Preschool and early primary education can highlight a sense of common humanity among children. The older primary school children are aware of social and political issues and they have a right to learn about values, which have been universally proclaimed. Before any effective policy is launched for the human development, awareness should be aroused. But the question is that how it can be ensured that the masses and the younger generation in schools and colleges are aware of the Governments polices which guarantee world peace, prosperity and universal brotherhood. Today we have the modern system of communication. Durham, in a chapter from the book "From Sovereign Impunity to International Accountability" published in 2004, has mentioned that we can know what is happening and where it is happening in the world. But we have seen a large number of violation examples which are gradually increasing. Betty A. Reardon, in the book "Educating for Human Dignity: Learning about Rights and Responsibilities" published in the year 1995, pointed out that trends have emerged where individuals betrayed scant regard for the life and dignity of others. Education can play a strong role to secure human rights and dignity of human being. Before imparting this kind of education to them, how far they are aware about human rights and legal literacy should be measured. Thus, this study is a task to understand the awareness of Human rights, legal literacy, and social well-being of secondary school students of Srinagar and Budgam Districts of Jammu and Kashmir. In the present study, the investigator followed survey and correlational research.

Research Paper

Effectiveness of Political Promotion Messages Posted or Shared on Facebook

Pankaj Yadav*
Department of Commerce, Dr.Yashwant Singh Parmar Government Post Graduate College, Nahan, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Yadav, P. (2019). Effectiveness of Political Promotion Messages Posted or Shared on Facebook. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(1), 27-38.

Abstract

Social media platform has flipped aside the traditional culture for political campaigning, and have acquired a dominant place in today's politics. Social networking sites help political parties to directly communicate and interact with the voters on one hand and voters are provided a platform to share their opinions on the other. Facebook is the mostly used social networking site in India. This paper examines whether the political promotion messages change the voting choice of people in Himachal Pradesh. It also identifies the factors which affect the choice of voters in the elections. Further the relation between socio-demographic characteristics of Facebook users and the possibility of changing their intention of voting, have been examined in the present study. Data was collected from a sample of 330 respondents through a well-structured questionnaire. The data was collected from all three divisions of Himachal Pradesh by asking close-ended questions regarding the attitude of people towards political promotion message posted on Facebook. For analyzing and interpreting data in the present study, basic statistical tools, chi-square test (test of independence) and logistical regression analysis were used with the help of SPSS 16.0 version. It has been observed that there is statistically a significant difference between qualification, occupation of the people and the possibility of changing their political orientation. However, statistically there is no significant difference between gender, age, area of residence, annual income of respondents and the impact of political promotion messages on the Facebook users. Further, out of eight variables considered in the present study, only five factors i.e., Importance of politics for respondents, their perception that political promotion messages puts impact on voters, the frequency of receiving political promotion messages on Facebook, tendency of forwarding political promotion messages to Facebook friends and habitude of discussing contents of political promotion messages with friends have been positively influencing voters political preferences. This model has the overall predictability of classifying 78.5% cases correctly and exhibited that 94.1 % people are classified for getting influenced by political promotion messages whereas 39.4 % people are for classified for not getting influenced by the political messages posted on Facebook.

Case Study

Distance Learning at Russian Universities: Problems and Solutions

Pavel Samsonov*
University of Louisiana, United States.
Samsonov, P. (2019). Distance Learning at Russian Universities: Problems and Solutions. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(1), 39-43.

Abstract

This case study is built upon the personal experience of the author and relevant literature. The main aim of the study is to determine major current trends in the development of the Distance Learning (DL) in the Russian higher education. The author studied in the state of DL as a Fulbright specialist at one of the Federal universities in Russia in 2018. The study is based on multiple unobtrusive observations of the faculty, open-ended interviews with the faculty and administration. The major barriers to the development of distance education in Russian higher education are indicated. The author assumes that these problems are typical for the higher education in the former Soviet Union countries. At the end of this study solutions are offered to overcome these problems.

Case Study

Case Studies of Alternative Land Acquisition Models in India

K. N. Narasimha Prasad*
National Institute of Construction Management and Research, Goa, India.
Prasad, K. N. N. (2019). Case Studies of Alternative Land Acquisition Models in India. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(1), 44-53.

Abstract

Independent India continued with the land acquisition policy based on the doctrine of eminent domain.In the early two and three decades after independence, land acquisition has not been a major challenge Rights were limited, political and non-political organizations mobilizing the public against such acquisitions made them aware of the different provisions of the Land Acquisition Act. However, this situation has gradually changed and land acquisition for infrastructure and developmental works has become difficult. At places like Singer in West Bengal the government was forced to stop the land acquisition and have finally returned the land to the original owners based on court directions. Courts that have generally limited themselves to compensate for property acquired in the interest of society rather than the welfare of an individual have gradually begun to see land acquisition from different perspectives. Even after repeal of the colonial land acquisition act of 1894 and enactment of the new citizen friendly land acquisition act in 2013, the government continues to face major challenges in acquiring lands. At the same time there have been some initiatives in employing alternative land acquisition models and employing them successfully. This study traces the process of land acquisition in India and makes case studies of a few alternative land acquisition models and their reception by the people.

Survey Paper

Exploring the Impact of Grief on Firefighters due to Highly Stressful or Traumatic Job Situations

Nicole Marie Juarez* , Joseph Ramos Villarreal **, Elizabeth A. Wardle ***
* United Connections Counseling, Alice, Texas.
** Texas A&M University - Kingsville, Texas.
*** Southern New Hampshire University, Manchester, United States.
Juarez. N. M., Villarreal, J. R., and Wardle, E. A. (2019). Exploring the Impact of Grief on Firefighters due to Highly Stressful or Traumatic Job Situations. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(1), 54-59.

Abstract

Firefighters regularly deal with highly stressful and traumatic employment situations. However, a majority of the fire departments lack appropriate counseling services to help employees. In this study, the researcher surveyed firefighters in a South Texas community to discover the extent of the effects of highly stressful or traumatic job situations. The results indicated that the years of active firefighting experience determines level of acceptance of coping techniques and counseling methods. The higher number of active experience correlates with a higher rate of exposure to traumatic events leading towards the willingness to seek help. Most active firefighters would not seek out private counseling to address job related stress, anxiety, or grief. They were, however, open-minded to the idea of participating in group or individual therapy sessions if provided to the department. The local firefighting departments should consider providing necessary counseling services for employees to help cope with traumatic situations or job related stress, anxiety, or grief.