The Unbalanced Accessibility to Social Services and its Consequential Wrath to the Populace: A Look at the Genesis of Negative Ethnicity in Post Independent Kenya

David Sande Ouma *
Department of Sociology and Psychology, Moi University, Nairobi-Kenya.
Periodicity:September - November'2019

Abstract

In most of the emerging democracies in the third world countries and more so, in Africa, competition for political power and distribution of resources has been won through the use of ethnic demographic statistics. This has resulted into negative ethnicity that has led to the outbreak of violence and conflicts in a number of African countries such as Rwanda, Nigeria, Burundi and Kenya. This has generally led to the loss of lives, with Rwanda's case reaching the genocide level; massive destruction of property and displacement of persons. Employment for instance is a process that is aimed at hiring and utilizing the expertise and workforce of the right people to accomplish different tasks. In Kenya, since the introduction of multiparty politics, every social sphere and issues have been viewed from an ethnic perspective; with heated electoral competition focusing on capturing the seat of presidency for beneficial purposes. This paper is thus aimed at providing an insight on the causal factors of negative ethnicity in the country by answering the following questions:(1) what are the precipitates of negative ethnicity in the country?; and (2) what are the probable remedies to these precipitates of negative ethnicity? The paper thus concludes that it is pivotal for historical injustices to be solved; independent institutions should be strengthened to help in enhancing good governance; strengthen devolution to enhance decentralization of power and resources to the people in their respective regions; and ensure that the spirit and dictates of the constitution are upheld to ensure that negative ethnicity is fully eliminated in the country.

Keywords

Negative Ethnicity, Social Inequality, Power, Historical Injustice, Marginalization, Elections.

How to Cite this Article?

Sandeouma, M. (2019). The Unbalanced Accessibility to Social Services and its Consequential Wrath to the Populace: A Look at the Genesis of Negative Ethnicity in Post Independent Kenya. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(1), 1-15.

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