i-manager's Journal on Material Science (JMS)


Volume 10 Issue 2 July - September 2022

Research Paper

Characterization of Magnesium Oxide Nanoparticle for Water-Based Drilling Mud Formulation

Arokya Michael Jenis J.*
Marketsand Markets™ Research Private Ltd, Pune, Maharashtra, India.
Jenis, J. A. M. (2022). Characterization of Magnesium Oxide Nanoparticle for Water-Based Drilling Mud Formulation. i-manager’s Journal on Material Science, 10(2), 1-8.

Abstract

This research is based on the synthesis and analysis to determine the efficiency and cost effectiveness of nanoparticle materials used in drilling fluid during oilfield exploration process. The study was carried out in the formulation of a waterbased drilling fluid, in which the prepared additives were treated with magnesium oxide (MgO) nanoparticles. The rheological properties of nanoparticle materials, such as flow time, viscosity, shear rate, shear stress, torque difference, and separation of solids and liquids, have been determined. The study also analyzed the fluid loss with respect to time in a manual filter press for low temperature and low pressure versus high pressure and high temperature using filter press hydraulic dead weight assembly in high temperature and high pressure. The nanoparticle used for the study was characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffractometer and particle size analyzer. Viscosity parameters were optimized using a multi-speed viscometer, lubricity tester and pH meter at effective concentration, as well as contact time, temperature and pressure changes as a function of concentration. The study suggests the use of MgO nanoparticle as an additive for water-based mud exploration in oilfields.

Research Paper

Experimental Investigation of Water Based Drilling Mud by using Graphene

Vamsi Krishna Kudapa*
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Petroleum & Energy Studies, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
Kudapa, V. K. (2022). Experimental Investigation of Water Based Drilling Mud by using Graphene. i-manager’s Journal on Material Science, 10(2), 9-16.

Abstract

In the oil and gas industry, the need for a particular composition-based drilling mud is characterized by its rheological and fluid loss properties. Enhancing these properties will increase the efficiency of drilling fluid and, hence, the wellbore damage will be controlled. Recent advancements show that the application of nanoparticles in drilling fluids will enhance their efficiency. This research investigates the influence of adding graphene nanoparticles on the performance of water-based drilling fluids. The main objective of this experiment was to investigate the effect of nanoparticles on water-based drilling mud with different concentrations of nanoparticles added to the mud.

Research Paper

Rheological Properties and Mechanical Characteristics Analysis of Nano-Based Cement Plug

Hrithik Prakasan* , Vamsi Krishna Kudapa**
*-** Department of Petroleum Engineering, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
Prakasan, H., and Kudapa, V. K. (2022). Rheological Properties and Mechanical Characteristics Analysis of Nano-Based Cement Plug. i-manager’s Journal on Material Science, 10(2), 17-26.

Abstract

In the oil and gas industry, drilling is expensive, from the exploration phase through drilling and production to enhanced oil recovery. Therefore, it is important to maintain the integrity of the well till the end of the production phase. Cementing the wellbore during drilling helps to maintain the integrity of the well throughout its lifecycle. It is necessary to know the properties of the cement and the wellbore conditions before the cementing is done. Upon the addition of certain nanomaterial to the cement, the properties of the cement can be altered based on need. Use of nanotechnology in the cement slurry can help in achieving solutions to many problems that pertain to oil well cementation. This paper discusses the behavior of certain nanomaterials when added to cement at high temperatures and high pressures, and how the properties of cement are affected by the addition of these nanoparticles.

Research Paper

A Critical Analysis on the Effects of Xanthan Gum Properties and its Derivatives in Enhanced Oil Recovery

Simran Juneja* , Vamsi Krishna Kudapa**
*-** Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Petroleum & Energy Studies, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
Juneja, S., and Kudapa, V. K. (2022). A Critical Analysis on the Effects of Xanthan Gum Properties and its Derivatives in Enhanced Oil Recovery. i-manager’s Journal on Material Science, 10(2), 27-33.

Abstract

Polymer flooding or mobility control techniques that focus on maintaining favorable mobility ratios can be used to improve volumetric sweep efficiency. The development of specialized polymer solutions optimizes the mobility ratio between the injected polymer solution and the oil or water bank being displaced in advance of the polymer. Because of its solid structure, lack of effect of salt on viscosity (unlike partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide (HPAM), which has a salinity influence on viscosity), and lack of effect of high temperatures, xanthan gum, also known as polysaccharide biopolymer, is the most frequently utilized. This research investigates many properties of xanthan gum, as well as its effectiveness with other polymers and the modifications made to improve its performance.

Review Paper

A Review of Polymer Flooding for Enhanced Oil Recovery

Dikshant Ruhil* , Hardik Khandelwal**, Harshit Rawat***, Shanawar Aslam****
*-**** Department of Petroleum Engineering and Earth Science, UPES, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
Ruhil, D., Khandelwal, H., Rawat, H., and Aslam, S. (2022). A Review of Polymer Flooding for Enhanced Oil Recovery. i-manager’s Journal on Material Science, 10(2), 34-46.

Abstract

Oil has a significant role as the principal source of energy in a society with rising energy demand. According to the annual report 2021 by Shelf Drilling (a leading provider of jack-up contract drilling services), the world oil consumption grew by 0.8 million barrels per day to reach almost 101 million barrels per day in the year 2019. Several other reports mention that the global crude oil output increased by 2.1 million barrels per day, or 2.3 percent, which is more than three times the global consumption. Additionally, the recent dramatic drop in oil prices compelled oil corporations to reconsider their production plans and cut costs in light of the dynamic oil price environment. While new oil sources are still being discovered and developed, enhanced oil recovery (EOR) methods are being used more frequently. In this review paper, the features of polymers utilized for EOR, including synthetic and natural polymers (biopolymers) are discussed. Also, the numerous EOR applications such as polymer flooding, polymer foam flooding, alkali–polymer flooding, surfactant–polymer flooding, alkali–surfactant polymer flooding, and polymeric nanofluid flooding are generalized and evaluated. With new advancements in the applications of polymeric nanofluid, it is capable of taking over the oil industry efficiently in polymer flooding for EOR. Additionally, due to their general macromolecular structure and viscoelastic characteristics, polymers are important in EOR.