i-manager's Journal on School Educational Technology (JSCH)


Volume 16 Issue 3 December - February 2021

Research Paper

Apprehending Education and Attributes of Teachers in Teaching-Learning Process as a Scope of Research

Avdhesh S. Jha *
Waymade College of Education, CVM University, Vallabh Vidyanagar, Gujarat, India.
Jha, A. S. (2021). Apprehending Education and Attributes of Teachers in Teaching-Learning Process as a Scope of Research. i-manager's Journal on School Educational Technology, 16(3), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.26634/jsch.16.3.17486

Abstract

Attempt has been made to articulate ideas related to education in a comprehensive manner. The study unifies the substance in education and posits the questions to assess the relationship between educator, educand and teaching learning process. The discussion of the components of education involves Teaching Learning Process (TLP), factors associated with each component of the TLP, objectives of language learning, as well as the discussion of the areas, associated objectives, and the respective associated action verbs for each component of TLP. This study is an attempt to develop the relationship of the teachers' attributes in TLP, to add to the knowledge of education and ignite the potential researchers to add to the education.

Research Paper

Effects of Digital Media Devices on English Essay Writing Competencies among Rural Secondary School Students in Bhutan

Sonam Dhendup *
Educator, Ministry of Education, Bhutan.
Dhendup, S. (2021). Effects of Digital Media Devices on English Essay Writing Competencies among Rural Secondary School Students in Bhutan. i-manager's Journal on School Educational Technology, 16(3), 15-24. https://doi.org/10.26634/jsch.16.3.17522

Abstract

The use of digital technology in classroom teaching has significantly increased over time, in order to provide easy access to high-quality learning materials and improve quality of teaching and learning in general. There is a need, particularly for teachers in the developing countries to understand its effect on learners and to further enrich students' learning experience. However, didactic methods to teach writing essays are still prevalent and widely practiced. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of digital media devices such as smart phones and tablets, as an instructional tool to guide students in their essay writing tasks. Using a pre-test and post-test control design, a three-week digital devices intervention program to write essays was carried out. This mixed method study randomly assigned a total of 17 students each in experimental and control group. The data collected were analysed using qualitative and quantitative analyses of students' pre and post-test written essays before and after the intervention. The results of focus group discussion showed that use of technology led to an improved quality in writing essays. Further the findings from quantitative analyses revealed twenty percent increase in post-test scores as compared to pre-test scores. The overall effect size (d = 0.7) was indicative of a large effect size. Statistically positive moderate relationships were also observed between students' gender and living arrangements. Based on these findings, the ability of students to write essays seems to have improved in the experimental group, and thus the use of digital devices is seen to have promoted student collaboration, participation and improvement in the quality of student writing.

Research Paper

Impact of Cheap Labour Method by Private Schools on the Efficiency of Secondary School Education in Ilorin Metropolis

Patrick Oluwafemi Akerele * , Tosin E. Akinduyo **
* Unilorin Counselling and Human Development Centre, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
** Department of Guidance and Counselling, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko Ondo State, Nigeria.
Akerele, P. O., and Akinduyo, T. E. (2021). Impact of Cheap Labour Method by Private Schools on the Efficiency of Secondary School Education in Ilorin Metropolis. i-manager's Journal on School Educational Technology, 16(3), 25-30. https://doi.org/10.26634/jsch.16.3.17756

Abstract

This study examines the impact of private schools' Cheap Labour Method (CLM) on the efficiency of secondary school education in Ilorin Metropolis, Data and information were obtained from respondents through questionnaires which were analyzed with the use of a percentage method .The findings of this study reveal that majority of the private school owners in Ilorin metropolis have a negative attitude towards the efficiency of secondary school education. The low staff/teachers' qualifications and poor staff/teachers' salaries are the most common Cheap Labour Method (CLM) used by private schools in Ilorin metropolis. It is therefore recommended that owners of private schools should ensure they employ their staff/teachers based on higher educational qualifications and expertise. They should also ensure that staff/teachers' salaries are not delayed; also the government should ensure that private school owners follow standards and provision of operational guidelines for setting up of secondary schools, and be monitoring curriculum delivery in secondary schools.

Research Paper

Development of Distance Education Opinion Scale during the Pandemic

Huseyin Cihan Bozdag* , Suat Turkoguz **, Gokce Ok ***
* Education Assistant Manager/ Science Teacher, Buca Gazi Ortaokulu, Turkey.
** Associate Professor, Department of Mathematics and Science Education, Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey.
*** Director, Department of Biology Education, Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey.
Bozdag, H. C., Turkoguz, S., and Ok, G. (2021). Development of Distance Education Opinion Scale during the Pandemic. i-manager's Journal on School Educational Technology, 16(3), 31-42. https://doi.org/10.26634/jsch.16.3.17757

Abstract

The aim of this study is to develop a valid and reliable measurement tool that can be used in the evaluation of distance education activities for secondary and high school students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using a four-stage approach, the Distance Education Opinion Scale (DEOS) was developed and field-tested with a total of 1,514 students. As a result of the Explanatory Factor Analysis (EFA), a five-factor structure (sufficiency factor, learning factor, negative effect factor, comparison factor and attitude factor) with 24 items was obtained. The scale explains 53.732% of the total variance. The factor loads of the items in the scale are between 0.407 and 0.993. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was performed in order to test the accuracy of the structure revealed by EFA. According to CFA results, all fit indices were found to have acceptable values. The Cronbach's alpha reliability co-efficent of the five factors of the scale ranges between 0.777 and 0.895. The reliability for the whole scale was determined as 0.924. In conclusion, a valid and reliable five-factor DEOS is developed to measure the opinions of middle school and high school students regarding distance education during the pandemic period.

Research Paper

Acquisition of Life Skills through Social Media by Senior Secondary Students

Chanchal Tyagi * , Anju Kumari **
*-** Department of Education, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Tyagi, C., and Kumari, A. (2021). Acquisition of Life Skills through Social Media by Senior Secondary Students. i-manager's Journal on School Educational Technology, 16(3), 43-52. https://doi.org/10.26634/jsch.16.3.17765

Abstract

Life skills are 'shock absorbers' that focus on the total development of an individual and confide to a number of content areas. They are essential for individuals to take positive action to protect themselves, and to make positive social relationships in life. Meanwhile, social media is becoming an essential part of our day to day life and is one of the main tools used for transfer of information and communication. But controversies are also rising up on the increasing use of social media in our lives. Articles appear in newspapers every now and then showing the negative impact of social media on people. So concerning these controversies the present paper aims to study the role of social media for acquiring life skills by adolescents. Findings revealed no significant effect of the School Board on life skills of adolescents but excessive usage of social media was found to affect their life skills negatively. Although 'coping with stress' and 'empathy' skills were found to not be affected by the social media, a significant interaction effect of School Board and social media was revealed on 'decision making' and 'communication' skill of adolescents.