i-manager's Journal on Educational Psychology (JPSY)


Volume 12 Issue 3 November - January 2019

Research Paper

The Significance of Practicing Craft in the Modern Society

Tom Page* , Gisli Thorsteinsson**
* Associate Professor, Department of Product Design, Nottingham Trent University, England.
** Professor, Department of Design and Craft Education, University of Iceland, Iceland.
Page, T., & Thorsteinsson, G. (2019). The Significance of Practicing Craft in the Modern Society. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 12(3), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.12.3.14662

Abstract

This articles looks for value in craft. Not so much value in the industrial sense; money, time, and effort, but from a individual perspective; community, companionship, self-discovery, and joy. Craft is more than just an final product, the true worth of it can be found in its process; time invested in learning the skills, building the communities, creating an object warm from human touch. The customer is bored of owning mass produced identical objects, instead they are searching for a connection with the maker. By identifying both professional and amateur craftsmen, the authors search for sense of value from them in terms of motivation for crafting, their interactions and community spirit, and their connections with their creations (Hackney, 2013).

Research Paper

Layers of Conceptual Understanding of Fractions among Elementary Student

Sri Rahayuningsih* , Cholis Sa’dijah **, Sukoriyanto***, Abadyo****
*Graduate Program, State University of Malang, Indonesia
** Professor, Department of Mathematics Education, State University of Malang, Indonesia
***_**** Lecturer, Department of Mathematics Education, State University of Malang, Indonesia
Rahayuningsih, S., Sa’dijah , C., Sukoriyanto, & Abadyois. (2019). Layers of Conceptual Understanding of Fractions among Elementary Student. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 12(3), 13-23. https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.12.3.15241

Abstract

Pirie & Kieren (1994b) states that conceptual understanding in human beings is divided into eight levels. This qualitative and descriptive research study aims to identify the layers of conceptual understanding of fractions through three representations, namely of circles, rectangles, and number lines. The subjects of this research are three sixth-grade students from SD Batu Malang. The instruments of this research are an essay test consisting of 12 questions and a semistructured interview. The essay test is adopted from Tunç-Pekkan (2015) and test the fractional analysis of a circle representation, rectangle-representation, and number line representation with four questions provided for each representation. The data analysis of this research uses the resource triangulation technique. Based on the work done by the students, the results show that in terms of layers of conceptual understanding, Subject 1 demonstrated understanding layers from Primitive Knowing (Pk) through Property Noticing (Pn), Subject 2 demonstrated understanding layers from Image Making (Im) through Property Noticing (Pn); and Subject 3 demonstrated understanding layers from Image Making (Im) through Formalizing (F).

Research Paper

Enhancing Mutual Appreciation among Students in a Rural-Based Institution of Higher Learning: The Role of Buddy Programme

Ishmael Obaeko Iwara*
Doctoral Candidate, University of Venda, South Africa.
Iwara, I. O. (2019). Enhancing Mutual Appreciation among Students in a Rural-Based Institution of Higher Learning: The Role of Buddy Programme. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 12(3), 24-33. https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.12.3.15389

Abstract

Many countries have successfully used mutual educational and cultural exchange programmes to promote unity. South Africa has adopted similar approach as a social vehicle for influencing mutual appreciation. This study has documented students perception on the role of Buddy programme towards unity at the University of Venda using a survey design. It also profiled the potential benefits of the programme. A qualitative approach where data was collected from 20 focus groups of 10 participants each was used. Analysis was done using Atlas-ti version 8. Findings indicate that as the programme provides space and time for students to exchange cultural ideas, such as arts, food, languages, sports, and history, they have integrated and learnt how to accept each other. They have teams made up of students of different cultural backgrounds who collaborate, and network with each other. The result further stressed the need for the programme to be organised often. Discourse on xenophobia, racism, tribalism, and stereotypes should be enhanced in these events. A framework in line with the findings of the study was recommended.

Research Paper

The Impact of Parenting Behaviour on Developing Positive Attitude towards Social Transformation among Adolescents

J. Johnsi Priya*
Assistant Professor of Education, Meston College of Education (Autonomous), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Priya, J. J. (2019). The Impact of Parenting Behaviour on Developing Positive Attitude towards Social Transformation among Adolescents. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 12(3), 34-41 https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.12.3.14928

Abstract

Ever since evolution of mankind, change is the only constant phenomenon in all walks of life. Changes bring both positive and negative impact on the evolution. Changes with positive impact becomes a transformation and it is witnessed in all parts of human life, i.e. societal, political, educational, and so on. Social transformation is a process of transformation within the society creating a major contributory factor in the domain of sociology. Transformation affects both the society and also the individual and vice versa, which are mutual interdependent phenomenon. On the road towards social transformation, attitudinal changes in the individual, and group forms the primitive step and it is influenced by various socio-economic factors. Social transformation occurs in all stages of human life, but the social transformation in the early childhood and adolescent's period is considered to be a major determinant factor as it influences the character of the individual’s self, society, and also its nation. The transformation of adolescents are influenced by various factors like peer groups influence, communal influence, and others. This study intended to measure the parental behavior of the adolescents for the greater contribution towards their social transformation. The study results showed that the impact of parenting behavior and their positive congruence with developing positive attitude on social transformation among adolescence is significant in terms of gender, educational qualification, and financial status of parents and there is also a positive relation between parenting behaviour and social transformation.

Research Paper

Spelling Ability of Students with Visual Impairment in Higher Education

K. Sambathrani* , S. Jeyashree**
*Assistant Professor, Department of Special Education, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
** M.Ed Scholar, Department of Special Education, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.
Sambathrani, K., & Jayashree, S. (2019). Spelling Ability of Students with Visual Impairment in Higher Education. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 12(3), 42-47. https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.12.3.15293

Abstract

The study on “Spelling Ability of Students with Visual Impairment in Higher Education” was carried out with 30 samples enrolled in higher education. The samples were selected by using stratified sampling method. A standardized tool “Differential Aptitude Test” (1990) developed by George K. Bennett, Harold G. Seashore, and Alexander G. Wesman particularly the spelling test was adapted by the investigator was used for the collection of data. The independent variables of the study were Gender (Male & Female), Type of College (Government & Aided), Locality (Rural & Urban), Type of Family (Nuclear & Joint), Year and Level of Course (UG & PG), and Medium of Instruction (English & Tamil). The dependent variables included in the study were spelling ability. The data was collected by survey method. The result revealed that higher the qualification higher the spelling ability. So this study emphasis that importance need to be given in helping the visual impairment students to learn the concepts with spelling, which will pave the way for them to be independent in terms of learning in future.