i-manager's Journal on Mobile Applications and Technologies (JMT)


Volume 4 Issue 2 July - December 2017

Research Paper

A Systematic Review of Mobile Learning Adoption in Higher Education: The African Perspective

Safiya Okai-Ugbaje* , Kathie Ardzejewska**, Ahmed Imran***
* Ph.D Candidate, The University of Notre Dame, Australia.
** Manager, Learning and Teaching Office, The University of Notre Dame, Australia.
*** Senior Lecturer, University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australia.
Okai-Ugbaje, S., Ardzejewska, K., and Imran, A. (2017). A Systematic Review of Mobile Learning Adoption in Higher Education: The African Perspective. i-manager’s Journal on Mobile Applications and Technologies, 4(2), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.26634/jmt.4.2.13830

Abstract

Despite the huge penetration of mobile technology in Africa and its wide adoption in the region for communication, business and entertainment, its use in education is not widespread. To investigate this problem within the context of higher education, a systematic review of articles focused on adoption and implementation of mobile learning in Africa published from 2010 to 2016 was carried out. The literature search showed a growing trend in mobile learning research in Africa, however, only a handful of these had practical implementation indicating that despite the growth of m-learning studies in the region research into practical implementation is still very limited. Nevertheless, this review identified trends in the adoption studies, modes of implementation, and reported barriers to implementation. Subsequently, the barriers were grouped into five categories and sub-categorised into most frequently reported, frequently reported, and infrequently reported. Despite the paucity of the latter, they were still considered central for effective implementation. Analysis of this snapshot of m-learning implementation in African universities led to the development of recommendations to overcome reported barriers and thus makes a useful resource for policymakers and those considering adoption.

Research Paper

Remote Embedded Scheduler on Coap Using Android Application

G. M. Divya* , Udigala Basavaraju Mahadevaswamy **
* Postgraduate, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering, Mysuru, Karnataka, India.
** Associate Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering, Mysuru, Karnataka, India.
Divya, G. M., and Mahadewaswamy, U. B. (2017). Remote Embedded Scheduler on Coap Using Android Application. i-manager’s Journal on Mobile Applications and Technologies, 4(2), 14-21. https://doi.org/10.26634/jmt.4.2.13831

Abstract

The proposed work aims at developing a dedicated embedded system for automatic scheduling and communication between an authorized person and the students and staff in educational institutions using Internet of Things (IoT) concept and Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP). Existing structure is running on timer based electric bell, has its own limitations and consistency in time keeping may not be possible due to inaccuracy in techniques used for timing. A gadget is built which automatically rings the bell when the scheduled time matches with the time of Real Time Clock (RTC). The system developed is capable of performing all the necessary timing operations, such as scheduling of regular classes, scheduling of exams, etc., without human interference. Additional facility is also created so that the authorized person can send messages to the concerned in case of emergency meeting, letting off of classes, etc. This dedicated system uses secured IP, low power controller, and operates at low bandwidth. The system is flexible so that it can be used by other educational institutions with secured Internet Protocol (IP) by creating the related firmware using Real Time Operating System (RTOS) to perform the intended tasks.

Research Paper

Air Quality Analysis System for Indoor Environment and Automation using IoT

N. Madhu Sudhan* , Udigala Basavaraju Mahadevaswamy **
* PG Student, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering, Mysuru, Karnataka, India.
** Associate Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering, Mysuru, Karnataka, India.
Sudhan, N., and Mahadevaswamy, U. B.(2017). Air Quality Analysis System for Indoor Environment And Automation Using IoT. i-manager’s Journal on Mobile Applications and Technologies, 4(2), 22-31. https://doi.org/10.26634/jmt.4.2.13832

Abstract

Now-a-days indoor air quality has been a vital concern, due to increased global warming, extensive usage of fossil fuels, rapid growth of transportation, and urbanization. Adequate and clean indoor air quality is essential for good health and comfort of individuals, especially considering that people who spends most of their time indoor. Due to lack of proper awareness, many people suffer from respiratory disorders like asthma, dust allergies, etc., because of prolonged exposure to the polluted environment. Hence, a real time monitoring and analysis of indoor air quality in the atmosphere has been the interest of recent topic. This paper deals with design and implementation of an Internet of Things (IoT) based system useful for monitoring levels of vital indoor atmospheric parameters like gaseous pollutants, particulate matter, temperature, and humidity using various sensors interfaced to microcontroller for analysis and processing for automation, display outputs on LCD, and communicates via Wi-Fi module using CoAP. The controller programming is done on embedded C language based on RTOS concept, resource sharing, and reduced time complexity with enhanced features. Monitoring and control mobile App is developed in Java language. Experiments were conducted to validate and support the development of the system for real-time monitoring and automation.

Survey Paper

Analysis of Grid Simulators Architecture

Dr. Neeraj * , Harikesh Singh**
* Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Jaypee University of Engineering & Technology, Guna (MP), India.
** Assistant Professor (SG), Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Jaypee University of Engineering & Technology, Guna (MP), India.
Kumar Rathore, N., and Singh, H. (2017). Analysis of Grid Simulators Architecture. i-manager’s Journal on Mobile Applications and Technologies, 4(2), 32-41. https://doi.org/10.26634/jmt.4.2.13833

Abstract

In Grid computing environment, all the resources shared in the heterogeneous environment are managed by a Resource Management System (RMS) having different architecture. In a distributed parallel collection of computers/servers that enables the sharing, selection and aggregation of resources based on the resources' availability, capability, performance, cost, and high security. In this paper, Resource Management Architecture based on reliability and Service Oriented Architecture, Web Service Architecture, and Open Grid Service Architecture (OGSA) have been analyzed. Further, it has been concluded that Grid system based on Resource Management Architecture will provide the efficient Grid services in terms of Information exchange, Resource availability, Application, Distributed, Data and Knowledge sharing.