i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences (JHSS)


Volume 1 Issue 3 March - May 2020

Research Paper

Philosophical Perspectives of Educators in Teaching Higher Education

Ruth A. Ortega-Dela Cruz*
Institute for Governance and Rural Development, College of Public Affairs and Development, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines, Los Baños.
Cruz, R. A. O. (2020). Philosophical Perspectives of Educators in Teaching Higher Education. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(3), 1-9.

Abstract

The study determined the philosophical perspectives of educators who were teaching in higher education. Using survey research design, the structured questionnaire was administered to 30 purposely chosen faculty members in a State University in the Philippines. The researcher also conducted a follow-up interview with the College to ask for their personal viewpoints. Descriptive and thematic analyses were employed in analyzing the quantitative and qualitative data respectively. Findings showed that most of the educators adhere to the philosophical standpoint and practices of realism, essentialism and existentialism. Whereas, reconstructionism, pragmatism and constructivism appeared to be the least practiced among them. To conclude, the researcher recommended practical ways to promote the least-practiced philosophies by allowing the educators to explore on other teaching practices that will help address the needs of the students who are soon to be part of the workforce of the society.

Research Paper

Surveillance of Tsetse Fly and Animal Trypanosomiasis Influence in Parts of Gombe State, Nigeria

Hassan Mustapha Gurama* , Fajiami Akinyemi Olaposi **, Omotainse Simon Oluwatobi ***, Shamsiya Abubakar Umar ****, Lukman Abubakar Ahmad *****, Nusaiba Bala Sarkin ******
* Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis and (Onchocerciasis) Research, North-East Zonal Office Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria.
**-****** Nigerian Institute for Trypanosomiasis Research, Surame Road, Kaduna, Nigeria.
Gurama, H. M., Olaposi, F. A., Oluwatobi, O. S., Umar, S. A., Ahmad, L. A., and Sarkin, N. B. (2020). Surveillance of Tsetse Fly and Animal Trypanosomiasis Influence in Parts of Gombe State, Nigeria. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(3), 10-18.

Abstract

This research examined the factors concerning the sustainable trypanosomiasis control in parts of Gombe State, North-East Nigeria. Group planning was held with herdsmen and livestock vendors (n=64). Feedback form was administered to participants (n=27) and key-informants (n=7) were interviewed. Most respondents (90%) were Fulani by tribe who could read and write Hausa and Arabic text (ajami). Over 85% were permanent residents practicing transhuman animal husbandry. Animal trypanosomiasis (sammoré), liverfluke (chiwon hanta), worm infestations (helminthosis), and foot and mouth disease (chiwon kafa baki) in Hausa and “boru” in Fulfulde were ranked in the decreasing order of important livestock diseases mentioned. Many livestock owners and some households had lost various numbers of cattle and herds because of animal trypanosomosis. Tsetse flies (kudan tsando) were said to be very common, but many could not differentiate it from other haematophagous biting flies. During dry time, when fodder and water shortage takes place, there is seasonal moving to southern parts of Nigeria. A private-public partnership in tsetse and animal trypanosomosis control using commercially available trypanocides and insecticide is feasible and should be effectively applied. Any recommended influence/approach should recognize the level of awareness, or education of the disease and vectors, and also the willingness of grassroots stakeholders to participate or come in and make suitable control methods.

Research Paper

Temple Ritual Dance Thidambu Nritham: Impact of Elementary Family Culture, Mindsets and Thought Pattern

Puthumana Govindan Namboothiri * , Govindan P. **
*Thidambu Nritham, Kerala, India.
** MCAA, Kerala, India.
Namboothiri, P. G., and Govindan, P. (2020). Temple Ritual Dance Thidambu Nritham: Impact of Elementary Family Culture, Mindsets and Thought Pattern. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(3), 19-26.

Abstract

Thidambu nritham is a ritualistic dance performed in temples as a part of the annual worship and festivals of Kasaragod, Kannur and Kozhikode districts of Kerala state in India. The idol representing the image of the deity decorated in the temple is known as thidambu and the divine dance is performed by holding the thidambu on the head of the dancer. Thidambu nritham has been a part of social worship and group of families connected to temples have passed on the knowledge about celebration of this temple ritual through generations over 700 years. With the evolution of the nuclear family culture, the coordinated joint living has deteriorated. The shared cultural knowledge on thidambu nritham transmitted down from ancestors remains with the elderly members of the family and is gradually vanishing from the cultural domain of the region. The exploration studies and investigations were based on the experience of the first author as a practitioner of thidambu nritham at temples for nearly 50 years. The emphasis of the research involved discussion with members of the old generation, collection of materials, documentation and literature. It is evident that communication of customary understanding on the organization of thidambu nritham ritual, culture and tradition to the current generation will remain as a challenge; unless a new environment is created to transfer the knowledge in a periodic manner to the new generation.

Review Paper

The Mutating Discourse of the Existing Manifestation of Poor Health Seeking Behaviour and the Underpining Factors Inhibiting Vaccination Uptake in Nairobi Informal Settlements

David Sande Ouma *
Moi University, Kenya.
Ouma, D. S. (2020). The Mutating Discourse of the Existing Manifestation of Poor Health Seeking Behaviour and the Underpining Factors Inhibiting Vaccination Uptake in Nairobi. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(3), 27-38.

Abstract

On 6th April 2018,the Daily Nation published that the Kenya Institute of Medical Research (KEMRI) had notified the Ministry of Health (MoH) that through its experiments, it had established the outbreak of the vaccine derived polio virus (cVDPV) in the sewage collected in Kamkunji sub-county in Nairobi. The report further noted that this polio virus could easily spread and if not contained, anyone in the area that exhibits the characteristics of informal settlements was likely to be infected by it. This research employs a desk review on the existing literature on vaccination in urban informal settlements. It aims at expounding on the causal factors that inhibit the children from accessing full vaccination in the informal settlements. This research finds that the literacy levels of mothers, marginalization and stigma associated to HIV/AIDS,limited number of health facilities and healthcare workers; personal beliefs; and parental occupational responsibilities are directly correlated to low vaccination uptake in the area. The above factors have been considered to be teething problems for the implementation of vaccination program. The study thus concludes that the above factors are pivotal to be addressed if the quest of attaining a healthy nation and workforce is to be realized.

Review Paper

Impact of Covid-19 on Economy: A Critical Review

Harsimran Singh* , Santosh Kumar**, Rakesh Kumar***
* CGC College of Engineering Landran, Mohali, Punjab, India.
** Department of Mechanical Engineering, IKG Punjab Technical University Kapurthala, Punjab, India.
*** Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chandigarh University, Gharuan, Mohali, Punjab, India.
Singh, H., Kumar, S., and Kumar, R. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 on Economy: A Critical Review. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(3), 39-45.

Abstract

Coronavirus is the category of viruses that mainly influence the respiratory tract of mammals which include human beings. It was first isolated in 1937 from an infectious bronchitis virus in birds. However, the COVID-19, zoonotic virus was first identified in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China. It was increasing rapidly at a great speed. The aim of this paper is to give an overview of the current status of COVID-19. A brief overview on COVID-19 is discussed by summarizing the data present in literature. In addition, this review paper emphasizes on the history, origin, characteristics, and impacts of COVID-19 on economy. The world has confirmed 54,301,156 cases, which include 1,316,994 deaths as per the WHO till 16th November 2020. COVID-19 is a life threatening virus. The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, fatigue, soreness, breathlessness, and throat malaise among others. Scientists from all over the globe are trying their best to find a suitable antidote which could curb it, but till now have not been able to do so. This pandemic has shaken the entire global economy. The IMF predicted this COVID-19 situation to be the worst economic collapse. This pandemic situation has affected the economy mainly due to two reasons. Firstly, this pandemic persuaded social distancing, which led to the shutdown of markets, corporate sectors and schools etc. Secondly, the pace at which it was spreading led to the decline in consumption among consumers and investors.