i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences (JHSS)


Volume 1 Issue 2 December - February 2020

Research Paper

Technology and Pottery Evolution: Pottery Practices in South Western Nigeria

Shado A. S.* , Kashim Isah Bolaji **, Fatuyi Olusegun Adene***
* Department of Glass and Ceramic Technology, Federal Polytechnic Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State Nigeria.
**,*** Department of Industrial Design, School of Environmental Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure Ondo state, Nigeria.
Samuel, S. A., Bolaji, K. I., and Olusegun, F. A. (2020). Technology and Pottery Evolution: Pottery Practices in South Western Nigeria. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(2), 1-8.

Abstract

This paper presents the technical processes, instruction and production techniques of pottery practices in the south west of Nigeria. It examined how indigenous technologies, norms and values in traditional pottery of south western Nigeria have evolved in giving continuity and socio-cultural experiences to the people, which they, in turn, can reproduce. The starting ground is that the dynamics in the manufacture of pottery itself would show the forms of contemporary technology, cultural, socio-economic, and knowledge relations in South West of Nigeria in particular. This paper has therefore directed us to try to report past technological knowledge inclinations, social and cultural history in South Western Nigeria and the impact of modern technology.

Research Paper

Evaluating Isolde in Malory's Le Morte D'Arthur and Straßburg's Tristan and Iseult- A Review of the Literature

Gabrielle L. McBath*
Educational Leadership, Northcentral University, USA.
McBath, G. L. (2020). Evaluating Isolde in Malory's Le Morte D'Arthur and Straßburg's Tristan and Iseult- A Review of the Literature. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(2), 9-18.

Abstract

The following paper- a review of the literature is an adaption from the first thesis the author wrote at St. John Fisher College, Rochester, NY as an undergraduate in 1999. It is a preliminary assessment of how the character La Belle Isolde differs in the chapter Sir Tristram de Lyonesse of Sir Thomas Malory's (1993, 2015, 1998) Le Morted 'Arthur, and Tristan and Iseult of Gottfried Straßburg (1929). Malory's depiction of Isolde holds more negative imagery than that of Straßburg's. The latter author, however, depicts Isolde as a powerful woman, who often holds Tristan's life in her hands. However, in Straßburg's view, La Belle Isolde is the role of a strong woman who is neither subjugated nor docile. Straßburg's characterization is reflected further in Richard Wagner's romantic opera Tristan und Isolde. In this opera that debuted in Munich in 1865, Wagner keeps equal the pair of co-protagonists (Deathridge & Dahlhaus,1984; Jansen, 1998).On the contrary, Sir Malory viewed La Belle Isolde as the mere shadow of the chivalrous Tristan, albeit she had with background importance as a minor character. The following review of the literature will assess three examples of the conflicting treatments of La Belle Isolde: 1) her epithet, 2) a downplay of her medicinal knowledge, and 3) the effects of the love potion on the couple.

Research Paper

Competing Gender Discourses: A Multi-modal Analysis of Gender Representations and Femininity in a Philippine Magazine

Katrina Ninfa Topacio*
Department of English Language Studies, University of the Philippines, Diliman.
Topacio, K. N. (2020). Competing Gender Discourses: A Multi-modal Analysis of Gender Representations and Femininity in a Philippine Magazine. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(2), 19-39.

Abstract

Recent studies in gender representation tackle issues that no longer deal with the under representation, invisibility, powerlessness, and silence of women in the media. Hence, it is aim of this study to analyze women's representation in a new light following the principles of feminism of difference. This study sought to prove that competing gender discourses and the notion of varying femininities are discursive practices that can be observed as strategies in representation in modern magazines. To prove this, multimodal analysis was used to analyze the verbal and non-verbal text of the magazine in question. Moreover, feminist critical analysis was applied to see how the use of diverse and competing discourses in the magazine are intertwined with the text producer's consumerist agenda. The analysis also shows how seemingly neutral or harmless discussions about feminine activities are actually embedded with biased ideologies about gender. A critical discourse analysis is deemed important in raising the awareness of readers regarding this manipulative process. It is through a critical look into language and discourse that one may find how unequal power relations do exist in social discourse.

Research Paper

Comparative Literature, a Pole Apart thought in English Literature

Dr. AMAL*
Department of English, St Alphonsa College, Kanyakumari, Tamilnadu, India.
Eronimus, A. J. (2020). Comparative Literature, a Pole Apart thought in English Literature. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(2), 40-44.

Abstract

The paper titled 'Comparative literature, a pole apart thought in English literature' is a monographic artistic presentation describing, raising an interrogation toward the literatures around the continents for better production in the field of literature. From the chronological approach, there have been number of identifications enough and more for the humane in thought and the respect for the other as the mode of comparative literature. It has been maintained by the author how different thinkers of the continents put the know how into the stream of conscious presentation making it comparative literature as tying together the cosmopolitan community, which has been put in to presentation for the future generation to have a thought before they have their start.

Research Paper

Importance of Universal Human Values in Education System: An Overview

Aman* , Santosh Kumar**, Suyash Sharma ***, Rakesh Kumar****
*, *** Department of Computer Science Engineering, Chandigarh Group of Colleges, Landran, Mohali, Punjab, India.
** Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chandigarh Group of Colleges Landran, Mohali, Punjab, India.
****Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chandigarh University, Punjab, India.
Aman, Kumar, S., Sharma, S., and Kumar, R. (2020). Importance of Universal Human Values in Education System: An Overview. i-manager's Journal on Humanities & Social Sciences, 1(2), 45-55.

Abstract

Universal human values (UHV) play a significant role in the whole life of a human being. These values in the education system are necessary to create effective students who will bring the nation to greater height. However, the present education system just focuses on acquiring large amounts of information, passing examinations and procuring many higher degrees for the job. Thus, the people after getting the job only focus on earning more money, while giving less importance to relationship and right understanding. This results in number of problems at individual levels (depression, anxiety, stress, suicides, etc.), family level (breaking up of joint families, divorce, dowry, deaths etc.) and society level (growing incidence of terrorism, violence, communism, racial and ethnic struggle, wars and sex crimes etc.). Hence, this paper advocates about the basis of human values and the issues that the students face before learning the value based education and the positive changes that happens after understanding of value based education. This leads to technically skilled and morally strong professionals and even helps in enhancing more opportunities in their life.