Analysis of Floating House by using ANSYS: Platform Material Comparison of Expanded Polystyrene and Polyvinyl Chloride Pipe
First Order Basis Splines to Perform Isogeometric Topology Optimisation to Design the Outline of Bridge Pier and Analyse using Idea Statica®
Performance Based Seismic Design of Reinforced Concrete Structure using Inelastic Static Pushover Analysis
Cubic Basis Splines to Perform Topology Optimization of Laminated Composite Regular Cylindrical and Elliptical and Hyperbolic Thin Shell Structures using Inverse Buckling Formulation
A Study on Futuristic Intelligent Transportation Systems & Smart Technologies in Urban Areas: A Review
Estimating the Soil Moisture Index using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) And Land Surface Temperature (LST) for Bidar and Kalaburagi District, Karnataka
Roughness Evaluation of Flexible Pavements Using Merlin and Total Station Equipment
Site Suitability Analysis for Solid Waste Dumping in Ranchi City, Jharkhand Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques
Unsaturated Seepage Modeling of Lined Canal Using SEEP/W
Strengthening and Rehabilitation of RC Beams with Openings Using CFRP
A Seasonal Autoregressive Model Of Vancouver Bicycle Traffic Using Weather Variables
Prediction of Compressive Strength of Concrete by Data-Driven Models
Design and Analysis of Roller Compacted Concrete Pavements for Low Volume Roads in India
Predicting the 28 Days Compressive Strength of Concrete Using Artificial Neural Network
Measuring Compressive Strength of Puzzolan Concrete by Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Method
An experimental investigation has been carried out to study the feasibility of discarded Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (PET) bottle granules as fine aggregate in concrete. Mechanical strength and temperature studies have been conducted on 162 numbers of standard concrete specimens which are made with or without waste PET bottle granules as per relevant Indian standard code procedure. The waste PET bottle granules have been used as a substituting material in lieu of conventional fine aggregate in concrete ranging from 0 to 100% at an interval of 10%. The mechanical strength studied includes compressive strength, tensile strength and flexural strength at the age of 28 days. Temperature studies have been conducted on concrete cube specimens by exposing it to series of peak temperatures such as 300o C, 600o C and 900o C, to evaluate residual compressive strength. It has been found from test results that substitution of discarded PET bottle granules in place of conventional fine aggregate in concrete reduces compressive strength, tensile strength, flexural strength, residual compressive strength and density of concrete markedly, and the reduction in strength and density increases with increase in PET bottle granules content in concrete. Also, reduction in residual compressive strength increases with increase in temperature for specimens made with and without PET bottle granules in concrete.
Natural Sand is a common form of fine aggregate used in the preparation of concrete. However, due to rapid urbanization and large scale depletion of river bed, natural sand has become very expensive. Many non-conventional resources such as Stone Dust, Carbonate Sand, Fly ash, Copper Slag etc. with larger % of Silica (SiO ) have been tried out as an alternative to 2 river sand as fine aggregate in preparation of concrete. Copper Slag which is an industrial waste in the metal smelting process of copper production has shown promising result to be used as an alternative to sand in preparation of concrete. The use of copper slag in construction activity will also resolve the issues of disposing the industrial waste which is a major concern these days. This paper studies the behavioral aspects of Copper slag admixed concrete while it is subjected to both destructive and non destructive tests. It proposes to study the behavioral aspects by adding Crimped steel fibres with varying percentages from 0 to 1.5 in the mixes of M 20 and M 30 .
Unsaturated soils with hydraulic properties such as water retention and hydraulic conductivity are considered to be the most crucial parameters for modeling flow process in unsaturated soils. Experimental determination of unsaturated hydraulic conductivity (ku ) is a challenging task and it requires a costly and skilled experimentation. Therefore, the normal practice is to estimate ku from water retention characteristics. Water Retention Characteristic (designated as WRC) includes the development of a graphical relationship between suction and water content (gravimetric or volumetric). This indicates that the accuracy of ku is very much dependent on the unambiguous determination of WRC. In this study, a tensiometer and volumetric water content probe have been used to measure soil suction and volumetric water content, respectively of a local sand by using two different measurement procedures. The ku of the soil has been estimated based on the WRC obtained. The main purpose of this investigation is to understand the extent of influence of different WRC measurement procedures on ku estimation. The study indicates that the measurement procedures have moderate influence on uniqueness of WRC of Brahmaputra sand and hence the estimated ku.
The purpose of this study is to examine the water supply challenges in Oyo state and to provide adequate suggestions that will enable the state to meet up with the Millennium Development Goal. A thorough investigation was carried out through a review of existing literatures having the same motive as the author. Data were collected from reliable officials so as to establish the fact that, Oyo state inhabitants are facing the problem of insufficient supply of water. The study revealed that the population of Oyo state will continue to increase at the rate of 3.35% population growth. Result of the data collected showed that, the population of Oyo State in 2006 was 5,419,327 whereas the projected population at the end of 2015 is estimated to be 7,290,200. The total output of the nine water supply schemes in the state is 246,302,000 litres daily. However, the millennium development goal set a standard daily water need per person within the range of 50 to 100 litre. 100 litres per person per day was adopted for this study which was multiplied by the projected population to determine the daily water consumption of Oyo state which will rise to 729,020,000 litres daily by the end of 2015. Based on this fact, it was observed that the state will experience short fall of 482,718,000 litres daily by the end of 2015. Having established that there is water supply challenges in Oyo state, the authors recommended that, the state government should upgrade the existing water schemes in order to meet water requirement of the state.
Monitoring and reporting of air pollutants released from mining activities is a mandatory routine practiced all over the world. Air quality modeling was performed using WRF-CALPUFF model to predict dispersion of the emissions from mining operations. PM2.5 and PM10 emissions were observed continuously using high volume air samplers at two ambient monitoring locations (AML-1&AML-2) near Tummalapalle Uranium mine in Y.S.R. Kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Prime concern was to assess current possible discharge of PM10 , PM2.5 and to predict potential emission of particulate matter, SO2 , NOx and airborne dust containing uranium into the atmosphere from mine. Measured concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 from monitoring locations were compared with CALPUFF model predictions. Four statistical indicators have been computed to determine the models' ability to simulate observations. Statistical analysis indicated that, California Puff (CALPUFF) model has a tendency to under predict and the overall model's performance for two monitoring stations (AML-1&AML-2) was found to be good for PM10 when compared with PM2.5 (at AML-2 some statistical values were beyond the model acceptance range). The index of agreement varied from 0.39 to 0.43 and the total NMSE ranged from 0.08 to 8.36. The average 24hr peak concentrations of CALPUFF estimated pollutants (PM, SOx , NOx ) including uranium containing dusts were well within the Air Quality Standards (NAAQS and CPCB).
The place where the traffic accident percentages are higher is called as black spot location. The most common assumption for a black spot location is that, there should be any road environmental or geometric issues resulting in the repetition of accidents. Many countries are facing a huge economical loss under road accidents. India is also one among them. In our country, traffic behavior is heterogeneous in nature and this result in higher rate of road accidents. Because of these critical issues, many improvement techniques are adopted for identification of black spots and evaluating them for the cause of road accidents. Few of these techniques include Accident Frequency method, Accident Rate method, Accident Severity method and Rate Quality Control method.
In this context, an attempt is made to identify black spot locations in cyberabad region of Hyderabad city. Road accident data for a three year period from 2011 to 2013 was collected through respective police station limits of Cyberabad region in Hyderabad city. Identification of black spot was carried through Accident Severity method and ranking was provided for the hazardous accident prone locations using Accident Severity and Critical Severity. Based on the ranking Shamshabad, Petbasheerabad and Rajendranagar were categorized as the highest hazardous rate of accident zones in Cyberabad region. From visual inspection survey and accident data collection, it infers that night time accidents were predominant in accident severity. Over speeding, high occupancy vehicles and night visibility are few causes for more number of accidents in the black-spot locations.