Automation and Robotics in the Construction Industry - A Review

K. N. Narasimha Prasad*, Vinay Mohan Agrawal**
* Associate Professor, National Institute of Construction Management and Research, Goa Campus, India.
** Assistant Professor, National Institute of Construction Management and Research, Goa Campus, India.
Periodicity:February - April'2019


Robotics and automation was considered unsuitable for the construction site due to uniqueness of construction projects, their dynamic nature, and aggressive environmental conditions at site. However, shortage of skilled labour and their high costs and the need to ensure quality, safety along with fast track constructions has made entry of robotics and automation into construction sites, which is an inevitable fact. Also increased awareness of artificial intelligence technology, use of lasers and sensors in making robotics and automation are more user-friendly even in construction sites. In this study, the available literature on automation and robotics developed for the construction industry is analysed.


Automation, Robotics, the SMART System, Roof Push up Construction Method, Automated Building Construction System, T-up System, the Big Canopy Construction System, the Future Automated Construction Efficient System

How to Cite this Article?

Prasad,N.K.N., and Agrawal,V.M. (2019). Automation and Robotics in the Construction Industry, a Review.i-manager’s Journal on Future Engineering and Technology,14 (3), 49-55.


[1]. Alpeyev, P. (2018). Japan wants robots to help build its sk yscrapers. Retrieved August 2, 2018, from https://www.bloom 24/the-final-robotics-frontier-constructing-skyscrapers-injapan.
[2]. Block, T. L., & Georgoulas, C. (2016). Site Automation. Cambridge University Press.
[3] Construction Equipment. (2017). IBEF. Retrieved July 31, 2018, from Construction-Equipment-January-2017.pdf.
[4]. Cummings, M. M. (2014). Man versus machine or man + machine? IEEE Intelligent Systems, 29(5), 62-69.
[5]. Daley, H. (2017). TyBot: A robot invented for tying steel reinforcement bars in construction. Retrieved August 1, 2018, from 150038149/tybot-a-robot-invented-for-tying-steelreinforcement- bars-in-construction.
[6]. Garcia, E., Jimenez, M. A., De Santos, P. G., & Armada, M. (2007). The evolution of robotics research. In IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine, 14(1), 90-103,
[7]. Gatton, T. M. (2009). 3-D Graphical Visualization for Construction Automation. Proceedings of the 11th WSEAS International Conference on Automatic Control, Modelling and Simulation (pp. 501-506).
[8]. Gatton, T. M., & Kearney, F. W. (1989). Automation and robotics in construction: Japanese research and development (No. CERL-TR-M-90/03). Construction Engineering Research Lab (Army) Champaign Il.
[9]. Jones, K. (2018). Robots are coming to the construction site. Retrieved August 1, 2018, from robots-coming-construction-site/.
[10]. Li, R. Y. M. (2018). An Economic Analysis on Automated Construction Safety (pp. 137-153). Berlin, Germany: Springer.
[11]. Li, R. Y. M., & Ng, P. L. (2017). Wearable robotics and construction workers safety and health. In 8th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics Los Angeles (pp. 31-36).
[12]. Maeda, J. (1994). Development and application of the SMART system. In Automation and Robotics in Construction XI (pp. 457-464). Elsevier Amsterdam. Retrieved August 2, 2018, from publications/fulltext/Development_and_application_ of_the_SMAT_system.PDF.
[13]. Miyakawa, H., Ochiai, J., Oohata, K., & Shiokawa, T. (2000, September). Application of automated building construction system for high-rise office building. In Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (pp. 1007- 1012). Retrieved August 3, 2018, from fulltext/isarc2000- 085_WB2.pdf.
[14]. Miyatake, Y. (1993). SMART system: A full-scale implementation of computer integrated construction. In IAARC Int. Symp. Robotics and Automation (ISARC'93), Houston, TX.
[15]. Morales, G., Herbzman, D., & Najafi, F., (1999). Robots and construction automation, In IAARC / IFAC / IEEE. International Symposium (pp. 283-288).
[16]. Morita, M., Muro, E., Kanaiwa, T., & Nishimura, H. (1993). Study on simulation for roof pushup construction method. Automation and Robotics in Construction, 5, 1- 8.
[17]. Pereira, T., Santos, C., & Pires, N. (2002). The use of robots in the construction industry. XXX IAHS World Congress on Housing Construction.
[18]. Sakamoto, S., & Kumano, T. (1991). Research and development of totally mechanized construction system for high-rise buildings. International Association for Automation and Robotics in Construction, 197-206. Retrieved from proceeding sof_the_8th_isarc/research_and_ development_of_totally_ mechanized_construction_syst em_for_highrise_buildings.html? publication_id= procee dings_of_the_8th_ isarc&article_id=research_and_devel opment_of_totally_ mechanized_construction_system_f or_highrise_buildings
[19]. Sapatnekar, S., Patnaik, I., & Kishore, K. (2018). Regulating Infrastructure Development in India, No. 230. National Institute of Public Finance and Policy New Delhi. Retrieved July 31, 2018, from publications/ working-papers/1825.
[20]. Skibniewski, M. (1988). Robotics in Civil Engineering. Computational Mechanics Publications,3(10).
[21]. Wakisaka, T., Furuya, N., Hishikawa, K., Inoue, Y., Shiokawa, T., Yoshino, K.,Hamada, K., Inoue, F., & Kurita, K. (1997). Automated construction system for high-rise reinforced concrete buildings. Proceedings of the 14th ISARC (pp. 111-118). Retrieved February 19, 2019, from Automated constructionsystem_for_high-rise_reinforced_concrete_ buildings.PDF.
[22]. Yoshida, N., Kanagawa, T., Tani, Y., & Oda, Y. (1997). Development of an automatic-oriented sheltered building construction system. In Proceedings of 14th International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction (pp. 129-138).

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.