Planning of Cropping Pattern in a Medium Project by Optimisation Techniques

M. Visweswararao*, K.B.R Prasad Reddy**
*-** Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Mallareddy Institute of Technology, Maisammaguda, Kompally, Secundrabad, India.
Periodicity:June - August'2016


Fixing of the cropping pattern in a project command is a difficult task. In the early stages, the cropping proposed is paddy under the irrigation project for the entire command area and also supply wettings, if required to the dry crops grown with other sources. Subsequently, the water was also supplied to the dry crops and these crops are known as irrigated dry crops. The crops considered should be suitable for the soils in the command and should also reflect the requirements and traditions of that area. Furthermore in the present scenario, water has become a scarce commodity where the planning should be such that the water utilization is minimum with good returns from agriculture. Optimization techniques are being extensively used to decide the cropping pattern by keeping in view of the minimum requirement of water and maximization of returns. In this paper, a case study of the medium project in the Godavari catchment in the reach of Sriramsagar and Inchampalli is considered. In the existing cropping pattern method, optimization is used to minimize the water requirement. This study indicates that this technique is helpful fixing the suitable cropping pattern for the proposed project.


Optimization, Simplex Method, Cropping Pattern, Crop Water Requirement, GCA, CCA.

How to Cite this Article?

Visweswararao.M., and Reddy,P.K.B.R. (2016). Planning of Cropping Pattern in a Medium Project by Optimisation Techniques. i-manager’s Journal on Civil Engineering, 6(3), 25-30.


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