Pollution Studies Of Some Important Springs Of Zabarwan Mountains And Their Impact OnDal Lake Waters, Kashmir, India

Kaiser Bukhari*, B. A. Lone**
* Senior Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
** Curator, Geology Department, University of Jammu, India.
Periodicity:March - May'2013
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jce.3.2.2269


Twenty water samples (five each) of four springs of Zabarwan Mountains, Srinagar, Kashmir were analyzed on Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer for various cations. The heavy metal elements concentration Ni, Cu, Fe, Pb and Mn were found above permissible limits; Ni, Pb, Mn and Fe being higher in Zeethyar and Cheshma Shahi Springs, Ni, Cu, Fe, Mn and Pb in Ishber and Fe in Durganag Spring. The comparison of average of these with the average of the samples from Dal-Lake waters indicates that the load of heavy metal concentration has been contributed by these springs. Among anions nitrate level of the springs is slightly on the higher side, though not alarming at present it may cause a health hazard in the whole region. Hardness and Ph values of all the samples are within the permissible ranges. The turbidity values of Ishber and Durganag springs are above permissible limits. The S.A.R. values (?26) and the S.S.P values (?60) indicate that the water of these springs can safely be used for agricultural purposes.


Pollution, Springs, Zabarwan Mountains, Dal Lake, Srinagar, Kashmir

How to Cite this Article?

Bukhari, S. K., and Lone, B.A. (2013). Pollution Studies Of Some Important Springs Of Zabarwan Mountains And Their Impact On Dal Lake Waters, Kashmir, India. i-manager’s Journal on Civil Engineering, 3(2),10-16. https://doi.org/10.26634/jce.3.2.2269


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