Load Frequency Controller for an Islanded Hybrid Power System using WCO

V. S. R. Pavan Kumar*, V. Swathi**, G. Sai Ganesh***, V. Sravani****, S. Harsha Vardhan*****
*-***** Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sir C. R. Reddy College of Engineering, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Periodicity:January - June'2023
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jcir.11.1.19971


This research proposes a new metaheuristic algorithm based on World Cup Optimization (WCO) to determine the optimal values of the Proportional Integral Deviation (PID) controller for the load frequency control problem. An islanded hybrid power system consists of a Wind Turbine Generator (WTG), Diesel Generation (DEG), and an Energy Storage System (ESS), such as a Battery Energy Storage System (BESS), Super Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES), and an Ultra Capacitor (UC) unit. A single-area power system was designed as a model network for the MATLAB-Simulink simulation. Furthermore, a hybrid system was employed with Proportional-Integral (PI) controllers and PI derivative controllers with proportionate gains to the DEG, and an ESS. A comparative performance assessment of the WCP was conducted to tune the PI and PID controllers. The simulation results indicate that a renewable integrated isolated power system with an Energy Storage System (ESS) tuned with a PID controller provides better responses than the PI controller for different loading conditions. Based on time settling, transient, and overshoot analysis, it is proven that a WCO-tuned PID controller is better than a PI controller.


World Cup Optimization, Battery Energy Storage System (BESS), Super Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES), Islanded Power system, Energy Storage systems, Load Frequency Controller.

How to Cite this Article?

Kumar, V. S. R. P., Swathi, V., Ganesh, G. S., Sravani, V., and Vardhan, S. H. (2023). Load Frequency Controller for an Islanded Hybrid Power System using WCO. i-manager’s Journal on Circuits and Systems, 11(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.26634/jcir.11.1.19971


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