IVF- A Prelude to Gingival Enlargement?

S. Sandhya Sekar*, K. Lokini**, N. Cautham Kumar***, J. Selva Kumar****, C. S. Krishnan*****, Gowri Shankar******
Periodicity:July - September'2021


Gingival hyperplasia or gingival enlargement is a typical increase in the number of healthy cells in a normal tissue arrangement. Gingival hyperplasia can be a result of an unusual tissue response to inflammation caused by local irritants, such as plaque or calculus, systemic disturbances such as hormonal changes or medications. A 35-year-old female patient reported to the outpatient department of Periodontology & Oral Implantology at Madha Dental College & Hospital with a chief complaint of swelling in the gums which gradually increased in size with progressive bleeding while brushing and discomfort. The medical history revealed that she was undergoing treatment for infertility for the past year. A diagnosis of drug-influenced gingival enlargement and chronic periodontitis was given. Thorough scaling and root planning were carried out in multiple sittings. The patient showed remarkable improvement within a month and at the 6th-month follow-up visit. Even though we expected the need for a gingivectomy or gingivoplasty procedure, we observed that the enlargement regressed completely, obviating the need for future management.


IVF, Gingival Enlargement, Drug-Influenced Gingival Enlargement, Periodontitis.

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