The world's petroleum consumption is projected to increase steadily, with most of the oil discovered worldwide remaining unrecovered. Thermal Enhanced Oil Recovery (TEOR) techniques have been found to be effective in increasing the oil recovery from mature reservoirs. This paper compares the two most commonly used TEOR methods, In- Situ Combustion (ISC) and hot fluid injection, in the Sudanese Oil Field, Orion Field. The reservoir properties, operating conditions, production performance, technical challenges, and opportunities, including depth limitations, conventional completion problems, and reservoir heterogeneity, were analyzed for each method. Economic feasibility and environmental impacts are also discussed, including factors such as capital and operating costs, oil recovery rates, and carbon emissions. This study offers valuable insights into the practical aspects of implementing TEOR projects in the Sudanese oil field and can inform decision-making in the oil and gas industry, particularly in reservoir engineering, production optimization, and environmental management.