Optimization of Al 6063 Button Head Rivet FEM Analysis Subjected to CRYO ECAP and RT ECAP

Gorsa Jayaram*, Srinivasulu Arnuri**, Gurugubelli Swaminaidu***, Varri Vinay Kumar****
*-**** Department of Metallurgy, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Gurajada Vizianagaram, College of Engineering Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Periodicity:October - December'2022
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jms.10.3.19102


The severe plastic deformation technique that has attracted much attention from the material community in recent years is Equal Channel Angular Pressing (ECAP). By using this technique, ultrafine-grained microstructures can be produced without a significant change in the geometry of the material. In the present research, an aluminum 6063 sample was tensile tested after the ECAP process to know the properties of the material. ECAP is performed for two sets of specimens in which the channel angle is 108. One set of samples is at room temperature, and the other set is at -197oC, i.e., dipped in liquid nitrogen for 20 minutes. Tensile properties of the obtained samples are tested once more. The tensile test properties of samples, i.e., before processing and after Room Temperature (RT) and CRYO ECAP, are tabulated and saved for simulation. A rivet with American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) dimensions is designed using a design modeller in Analysis of Systems (ANSYS), and the properties obtained from the tensile tests are assigned to the rivet. One end of the rivet is constrained with a fixed support, and the other end is loaded with 35 kN in the downward direction. The process is repeated for three different sets of samples. The developed stresses in the three rivets are tabulated and correlated, and the results are drawn in the present investigation, which showed good correlation.


ECAP, Aluminum 6063, ANSYS, RT ECAP, CRYO ECAP, ANSYS, Finite Element Method (FEM).

How to Cite this Article?

Jayaram, G., Arnuri, S., Swaminaidu, G., and Kumar, V. V. (2022). Optimization of Al 6063 Button Head Rivet FEM Analysis Subjected to CRYO ECAP and RT ECAP. i-manager’s Journal on Material Science, 10(3), 8-18. https://doi.org/10.26634/jms.10.3.19102


[1]. Bagherpour, E., Reihanian, M., Pardis, N., Ebrahimi, R., & Langdon, T. (2018). Ten years of severe plastic deformation (SPD) in Iran, part I: Equal-channel angular pressing (ECAP). Iranian Journal of Materials Forming, 5(1), 71-113.
[2]. Davis, J. R. (1993). Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys. ASM international.
[3]. Estrin, Y., & Vinogradov, A. (2013). Extreme grain refinement by severe plastic deformation: A wealth of challenging science. Acta Materialia, 61(3), 782-817. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2012.10.038
[4]. Galiń ska, A., & Galiń ski, C. (2020). Mechanical joining of fibre reinforced polymer composites to metals—a review. Part II: riveting, clinching, non-adhesive form-locked joints, pin and loop joining. Polymers, 12(8), 1681. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12081681
[5]. Gopi, K. R., Nayaka, H. S., & Sahu, S. (2016). Investigation of microstructure and mechanical properties of ECAP-processed AM series magnesium alloy. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 25(9), 3737-3745. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-016-2229-7
[6]. Hua, F. A., Yang, Y. S., Zhang, Y. N., Guo, M. H., Guo, D. Y., Tong, W. H., & Hu, Z. Q. (2005). Three-dimensional finite element analysis of tube spinning. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 168(1), 68-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.10.014
[7]. Jovičević-Klug, P., & Podgornik, B. (2020). Review on the effect of deep cryogenic treatment of metallic materials in automotive applications. Metals, 10(4), 434. https://doi.org/10.3390/met10040434
[8]. Kayyar, M., Ameri, F., & Summers, J. D. (2012). A case study of the development of a design enabler tool to support frame analysis for Wright Metal Products, a US SME. International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology, 4(4), 321-339.
[9]. Pardis, N., & Ebrahimi, R. (2009). Deformation behavior in Simple Shear Extrusion (SSE) as a new severe plastic deformation technique. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 527(1-2), 355-360. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2009.08.051
[10]. Rothman, D., & Sansome, D. H. (1970). An investigation of rod-drawing with die-rotation. International Journal of Machine Tool Design and Research, 10(2), 179-192. https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-7357(70)90005-3
[11]. Sahoo, A., Dwivedy, S. K., & Robi, P. S. (2019). Advancements in the field of autonomous underwater vehicle. Ocean Engineering, 181, 145-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2019.04.011
[12]. Satish, D. R., Feyissa, F., & Kumar, D. R. (2017). Cryorolling and warm forming of AA6061 aluminum alloy sheets. Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 32(12), 1345-1352. https://doi.org/10.1080/10426914.2017.1317352
[13]. Sonar, T., Lomte, S., & Gogte, C. (2018). Cryogenic treatment of metal–a review. Materials Today: Proceedings, 5(11), 25219-25228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2018.10.324
If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.