Heavy Metal Estimation and Non-Carcinogenic Human Health Risk Assessment of a Soil Contaminated by the Carpet Industry Waste (Sludge)

S. Gupta*, R. K. Srivastava**
* Department of Civil Engineering, Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, Gorakhpur, India.
** Department of Civil Engineering, MNNIT Allahabad, Prayagraj, India.
Periodicity:September - November'2021
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jce.11.4.18437


The soils contaminated with various organic and inorganic contaminants proceed to the degradation of urban and arable lands throughout the world. The presence of toxic elements may pose a considerable health risk to humans, animals, flora & fauna and other ecological systems. This study investigates the soil contaminated by the carpet industry waste (sludge) and the human non-carcinogenic health risk through the ingestion pathway. A comparative study has also been observed to simulate the field conditions. A typical virgin soil of the region has been selected and mixed with the different proportions of sludge (5%, 15%, 25% & 50%) with respect to the dry weight of soil and the human noncarcinogenic health risk has been evaluated. This research observed that in case of child the Average Daily Exposure (ADE) is very high and the Total Chronic Hazard Index (THI) for all the soil-sludge mixes is more than 10. The THI of industrial sludge is more than the soil-sludge mixed samples with the magnitude of 20.2 and 10.32 in the aspects of child and adult respectively.


Average Daily Exposure (ADE), Daily Oral Intake (DOI), Hazard Quotient (HQ), Heavy Metals, Total Chronic Hazard Index (THI), X-Ray Fluorescence.

How to Cite this Article?

Gupta, S., and Srivastava, R. K. (2021). Heavy Metal Estimation and Non-Carcinogenic Human Health Risk Assessment of a Soil Contaminated by the Carpet Industry Waste (Sludge). i-manager’s Journal on Civil Engineering, 11(4), 9-17. https://doi.org/10.26634/jce.11.4.18437


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