Reviewing Web Searching In The 21st Century Education

Faezeh Seyedarabi*
Lecturer Researcher, Fellow of the Higher Education Academy
Periodicity:March - May'2012


In this paper, the government's initiatives and policies for improving schools in the UK are highlighted to be the main drive for the Internet use of teachers and online resources in their classroom teaching. The aim of this review is to outline Web searching as an important part of education and society in the 21st century. Hence, in order to learn more about the Web searching needs and preferences of teachers and in particular those in the UK, researchers are recommended to explore future research questions in the area of teachers' information needs and search behaviours. This should enable researchers to better understand the barriers associated with the integration of ICT tools like the Internet in classroom teaching as well as the technological needs of teachers in the 21st century.


Classroom Teaching, ICT, Internet, Teachers, Web Searching, World Wide Web.

How to Cite this Article?

Seyedarabi,F.(2012). Reviewing Web Searching In The 21st Century Education.i-manager’s Journal on School Education Technology, 7(4), 49-61.


[1]. Abrams, K. von. (2008). UK Internet: Users and Usage. eMarketer. Retrieved from Reports/All/Emarketer_2000401.aspx?src=report_head_inf o_sitesearch
[2]. Alexander, B. (2006). A New Wave of Innovation for Teaching and Learning? Educause.
[3]. Allen, F. (2006). Has Knowledge changed forevere? Conneted: Learning and Teaching Scotland. Glasgow.
[4]. Anderson, J. Q., & Lee Rainie. (2010). The Future of the Internet. Pew Internet & American Life Project. Retrieved from 2010/Future of internet 2010 - AAAS paper.pdf
[5]. Baker, M. (1997). The National Grid for Learning Consultation Paper: A Personal Response. From ml
[6]. Bates, P. J. (1998). What is the National Grid for Learning? Learning in a Global Information Society. Retrieved from
[7]. Becta. (2007). Harnessing Technology Review 2007: Progress and impact of technology in education. Retrieved from display.cfm? resId=33979
[8]. Becta. (2008). Becta leading next generation learning: TechNews. Retrieved from technews
[9]. Berners-Lee, T. (2007). Hearing on the 'Digital Future of the United States: Part I - The Future of the World Wide Web. Retrieved from ushouse-future-of-the-web
[10]. BigLotteryFund. (2002). ICT Training for Teachers and School Librarians England. "Retrieved from s_wales?regioncode=-uk
[11]. Blunkett, D. (2000). Raising aspirations in the 21st century. Speech to the North of England Education conference. Wigan, London: DfEE.
[12]. Bryant, M. (2012). Wow, the Web's only 20 years old and already people are wishing for its “good old days.” Retrieved from graphic-design-is-not-ruining-the-web-john-naughton/
[13]. Castells, M. (2001). Lessons from the History of the Internet. The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[14]. CERN. (2006). Welcome to; the website of the world's first-ever web server. Retrieved from
[15]. Cormode, G., & Krishnamurthy, B. (2008). Key differences between Web 1.0 and Web 2.0. First Monday, 13(6), 1-25. Retrieved from ojs/index.php/fm/article/viewArticle/2125/1972
[16]. Curran, J., & Gurevitch, M. (2005). Critical Debates in Internet Studies: Reflections on an Emerging Field. Mass Media And Society. Oxford University Press Inc.
[17]. Curriculum Online. (2005). Curriculum Online: news for suppliers. CurriculumOnline Newsletter, (4).
[18]. Cych, L. (2006). Social networks. Emerging Technologies for Learning. Becta ICT Research.
[19]. Davis, R. (2009). A gigantic online swapshop. The Guardian. Retrieved from education/2009/apr/14/national-digital-resource-bankteaching? INTCMP=SRCH
[20]. Day, C., & Gu, Q. (2007). Variations in the conditions for teachers' professional learning and development: sustaining commitment and effectiveness over a career. Oxford Review of Education, 33(4).
[21]. Deakin, G., James, N., Tickner, M., Tidswell, J., & International, I. (2010). Teachers' workload diary survey 2010. Department for Education. Retrieved from nload/DFE-RR057-WEB.pdf
[22]. DfEE. (1997a). Connecting the Learning Society (Consultation on the NGFL). Department for Education and Employment. Retrieved from consultations/downloadableDocs/42_1.pdf
[23]. DfEE. (1997b). Excellence in schools (White Paper). Cmnd 3681 London: HMSO. Retrieved from 97-excellence-in-schools.pdf
[24]. DfEE. (1998). Teachers: meeting the challenge of change (Department for Education and Employment). London: DfEE.
[25]. DfES. (2003a). Every Child Matters (Department for Education and Skills). London: DfES. Retrieved from oad?DownloadPublicationReference=CM5860&Downlo adItemReference=Every Child Matters: Green Paper - PDF(DfES Online Store)&DocumentType=PDF&Url=/ publications/eOrderingDownload/CM5860.pdf
[26]. DfES. (2003b). Fulfilling the Potential: Transforming teaching and learning through ICT in schools. DfES. Retrieved from
[27]. DfES. (2005a). e-Strategy “Harnessing Technology; Transforming Learning and children”s services' - summary version. Retrieved from eOrderingDownload/1437-2005PDF-EN-01.pdf
[28]. DfES. (2005b). The e-Strategy “Harnessing Technology: Transforming learning and children”s services' [UK].
[29]. DfES. (2006). 2020 Vision; Report of the Teaching and Learning in 2020 Review Group. Retrieved from 6856-DfES-Teaching and Learning.pdf
[30]. Dutton, W. H., & Blank, G. (2011). Next Generation Users: The Internet in Britain. Oxford Internet Survey 2011. University of Oxford. Retrieved from publications/oxis2011_report.pdf
[31]. Eason, G. (2006). Computer learning “grid” scrapped. (E. editor, Ed.). BBC News website. Retrieved from pagetools/print/
[32]. EDSI. (1999). Educational Depar tments' Superhighways Initiative. Becta Government & partners.Retrieved from projects/edsi/EDSI.htm
[33]. Furlong, J. (2009). Whose big prize? A response to Hall and Gunter. Oxford Review of Education, 35(6), 771 — 774.
[34]. Furlong, J., McNamara, O., Campbell, A., & Howson, J. (2008). Partnership, policy and politics: initial teacher education in England under New Labour. Teachers and Teaching, 14(4), 307-318.
[35]. Katrijn, B., Kelchtermans, G., & Loughran, J. (2006). Beyond intensification towards a scholarship of practice: analysing changes in teachers' work lives. Teachers and Teaching, 12(2), 209 — 229.
[36]. Kitchen, S., Dixon, J., McFarlane, A., Roche, N., & Finch, S. (2006). Curriculum Online, Final Report. Becta. Retrieved from
[37]. Kogut, B. (2003). Introduction: The Internet Has Borders. The Global Internet Economy. MIT Press.
[38]. Kyriacou, C. (2003). Stress-busting for teachers. Cheltenham: Stanley Thornes.
[39]. Lloyd, R. K. (1997). Labour's Plans For The UK National Lottery. Retrieved from Info/Labour.html
[40]. Moore, A., Edwards, G., Halpin, D., & George, R. (2002). Compliance, Resistance and Pragmatism: The (re)construction of schoolteacher identities in a period of intensive educational reform. British Educational Research Journal, 28(4).
[41]. Netcraft. (2012). February 2012 Web Server Survey. Retrieved from category/web-server-survey/
[42]. Nixon, L., Gregson, D. M., Spedding, T., Mearns, A., & Unit, S. S. R. (2008). Practitioners' experiences of implementing national education policy at the local level: An examination of 16–19 policy. London: EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education.
[43]. ONS. (2011). Internet Access - Households and Individuals. GB. Retrieved from dcp171778_227158.pdf
[44]. PWC, & PriceWaterhouseCoopers. (2001). Teacher workload study: Final Report. London: DfES.
[45]. Reisinger, D. (2007). Future Implications: Has the Internet become as important as water? Cnet Blogs. Retrieved from 9764977-17.html
[46]. Seyedarabi, F. (2011). Personalization: An emerging direction for tackling the web searching barriers faced by teachers when searching for educational resources. Webology, 8(2). Retrieved from 2011/v8n2/a90.html
[47]. Seyedarabi, F. (2012). Reviewing the barriers associated with the technological needs of teachers in the 21st century education. i-manager's Journal on School Educational Technology, 7(3), 46-55.
[48]. Sirius. (2011). The End of an Era. NDRB. Retrieved from
[49]. Slevin, J. (2000). The rise of the internet. The Internet and Society. Policy Press.
[50]. Strauss, H. (2007). The Future of The Web, Intelligent Devices, and Education. Educause, 42(1), 32–47. Retrieved from library/pdf/ERM0711.pdf
[51]. Teachernet. (2003). Future directions for ICT in schools. Retrieved from educationoverview/brifing/strategyarchive/ict

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.