A Descriptive Study to Assess the Knowledge Level and Practice regarding Prevention of Diabetic Keto-Acidosis among Diabetes Mellitus Patients at Selected Hospitals, Puducherry

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Periodicity:November - January'2021

Abstract

A descriptive study to assess the knowledge level and practice regarding prevention of diabetic keto acidosis among diabetes mellitus patients at selected hospitals, puducherry. The objectives of the studies were, To assess the existing knowledge level  regarding prevention of DKA among DM patients. To assess the existing  practice level  regarding prevention of DKA among DM patients. To co-relate the knowledge level with practice regarding prevention of DKA among DM patients.    Quantitative approach, Descriptive research design was selected with a sample size of 100. The researcher carried out the study to assess the knowledge level and practice regarding prevention of diabetic Keto- acidosis among diabetes mellitus patients at selected hospitals, Puducherry. The outcome of the study was evaluated by descriptive and inferential statistics. The results of the study were, The study revealed that in regards the demographic variables majority samples 52 were in the age group of above 60 years, 58 were female, 66 were primary education, 61 were urban people, 68 were earning Rs.10,000 to 15,000 income per month, 55 samples were no practice no regular practice of exercise, 53 samples had previous knowledge about DM, 69 had no habits, 56 had hypertention co-morbidity illness, 42 were unemployed. The study result reveals majority of patients poses moderate level 63 % of knowledge regarding prevention of DKA among DM patients. Regarding practice score, most of them have unsatisfactory (72 %) Practice level regarding prevention of DKA among DM patients. Significant p-value infers that there is a positive relationship exists between the knowledge level with practice  regarding prevention of DKA among DM patients. The above result highlight the DM patients has moderate level of knowledge and  unsatisfactory  Practice  level regarding prevention of DKA among DM patients. There is a positive relationship exists between the knowledge level with practice  regarding prevention of DKA among DM patients. It depicte the level of knowledge oncreses the practice also increases. The findings of the study concluded that, awareness to be created among DM patients regarding prevention of DKA among them. So, educational interventions can be administered by nurses in their day to day caring the DM patients .

Keywords

KNOWLEDGE LEVEL , PRACTICE, DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS

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