Violence in Youth

Rahim Kamruddin Merchant*, Inara Rafiq**, Nasreen Rafiq***, Neelam Rafiq****, Anaiz Ahmed Khowaja*****
* Master's of Science of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.
** Bachelor of Business Administration, University of Karachi, Pakistan.
*** Intensive Care Unit, Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan.
**** Bachelors of Science in Nursing, Aga Khan University School of Nursing and Midwifery, Karachi, Pakistan.
***** Coronary Care Unit, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan.
Periodicity:May - July'2019
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.13.1.15577

Abstract

With the change in socio cultural environment, today's youth is encountering more challenges than ever before. This encounter is influencing heavily on their daily life activities and behaviors. Youth today has become more violent and vigilant than they were before. Some leading factors of this behavior can be marked as more prone towards the gadgets and smart handheld devices, mainly the video games that promotes violence. Other leading factors could be poor parenting, lack of attention and affection from family, and corporal punishments used at home or other institutes for correcting deviant behaviors force them to indulge in activities from which they can express their aggression. Lower IQ level at school and peer also promote the violence in behaviors. This study is therefore conducted to ascertain the important factors that leads to violent behaviors among youth.

Keywords

Youth, Violence, Age, Family, Peer Group, The Social Learning Theory, Uninhibited Temperament, IQ, Behavior, Corporal Punishments

How to Cite this Article?

Merchant, R. K., Rafiq, I., Rafiq, N., Rafiq, N., Khowaja, A. A. (2019). Violence in Youth. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 13(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.13.1.15577

References

[1]. Bandura, A. (2014). Social cognitive theory of moral thought and action. In Handbook of Moral Behavior and Development (pp. 69-128). Psychology Press.
[2]. Baughman, H. M., Dearing, S., Giammarco, E., & Vernon, P. A. (2012). Relationships between bullying behaviours and the Dark Triad: A study with adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(5), 571-575. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2011.11.020
[3]. Bukowski, W. M., Laursen, B., & Rubin, K. H. (Eds.). (2018). Handbook of Peer Interactions, Relationships, and Groups. Guilford Publications.
[4]. Chotani, H. A., Razzak, J. A., & Luby, S. P. (2002). Patterns of Violence in Karachi, Pakistan. Injury Prevention, 8(1), 57-59. https://doi.org/10.1136/ip.8.1.57
[5]. David-Ferdon, C. F., Haileyesus, T., Liu, Y., Simon, T. R., & Kresnow, M. J. (2018). Nonfatal Assaults among Persons Aged 10–24 Years-United States, 2001–2015. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 67(5), 141-145. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6705a1
[6]. Dawn. (2010). Suicide rate up in Pakistan. Retrieved from https://www.dawn.com/news/890520
[7]. Esmaeilpour, M., Salsali, M., & Ahmadi, F. (2011). Workplace violence against Iranian nurses working in emergency departments. International Nursing Review, 58(1), 130-137. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-7657. 2010.00834.x
[8]. Frick, P. J., Ray, J. V., Thornton, L. C., & Kahn, R. E. (2014). Annual research review: A developmental psychopathology approach to understanding callous- unemotional traits in children and adolescents with serious conduct problems. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 55(6), 532-548. https://doi.org/10.1111/ jcpp.12152
[9]. Gershoff, E. T., Grogan-Kaylor, A., Lansford, J. E., Chang, L., Zelli, A., Deater-Deckard, K., & Dodge, K. A. (2010). Parent discipline practices in an international sample: Associations with child behaviors and moderation by perceived normativeness. Child Development, 81(2), 487-502. https://doi.org/10.1111/j. 1467-8624.2009.01409.x
[10]. Kawabata, Y., Alink, L. R., Tseng, W. L., van Ijzendoorn, M. H., & Crick, N. R. (2011). Maternal and paternal parenting styles associated with relational aggression in children and adolescents: A conceptual analysis and meta-analytic review. Developmental Review, 31(4), 240-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dr.2011. 08.001
[11]. Lee, S. J., Perron, B. E., Taylor, C. A., & Guterman, N. B. (2011). Paternal psychosocial characteristics and corporal punishment of their 3-year- old children. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26(1), 71-87. https://doi.org/10. 1177/0886260510362888
[12]. Lucas, S., Jernbro, C., Tindberg, Y., & Janson, S. (2016). Bully, bullied and abused. Associations between violence at home and bullying in childhood. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 44(1), 27-35. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494815610238
[13]. McAra, L., & McVie, S. (2010). Youth crime and justice: Key messages from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 10(2), 179-209. https://doi.org/10.1177/1748895809 360971
[14]. Messerschmidt, J. W. (2017). Making bodies matter: Adolescent masculinities, the body, and varieties of violence. In Tomsen, S. (Ed.) Crime, Criminal Justice and Masculinities (pp. 69-92). Routledge.
[15]. Moffitt, T. E. (2017). Adolescence-limited and life-course- persistent antisocial behavior: A developmental taxonomy. In Biosocial Theories of Crime (pp. 69-96). Routledge.
[16]. Olson, S. L., Lopez-Duran, N., Lunkenheimer, E. S., Chang, H., & Sameroff, A. J. (2011). Individual differences in the development of early peer aggression: Integrating Contributions of Self-regulation, Theory of Mind, and Parenting. Development and Psychopathology, 23(1), 253-266. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579410000775
[17]. Patterson, G. R., DeBaryshe, B. D., & Ramsey, E. (2017). A developmental perspective on antisocial Behaviour. In Developmental and Life-course Criminological Theories (pp. 29-35). Routledge.
[18]. Rubin, K. H., Bowker, J. C., McDonald, K. L., & Menzer, M. (2013). 11 Peer Relationships in Childhood. In The Oxford Handbook of Developmental Psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 242-275).
[19]. Schore, A. N. (2015). Affect Regulation and the Origin of the Self: The Neurobiology of Emotional Development. Routledge.
[20]. Sheldon, B. (2015). The influence of learning on development. In Developmental Psychology for the Helping Professions (pp. 111-160). Palgrave Macmillan, London.
[21]. Swedish National Board for Youth Affairs. (2010). Youth and youth policy – a Swedish perspective. Retrieved from https://www.mucf.se/sites/default/files/publikationer _uploads/youth-and-youth-policy.pdf
[22]. Syed, E. U., Hussein, S, A., & Haidry, S. Z. (2009). Prevalence of emotional and behavioural problems among primary school children in Karachi, Pakistan –Multi informant survey. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 76(6), 623- 627. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098--009--0072—7
[23]. Tremblay, M. S., LeBlanc, A. G., Kho, M.E., Saunders, T. J., Larouche, R., Colley, R. C. & Gorber, S. C. (2011). Systematic review of sedentary behaviour and health indicators in school-aged children and youth. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8(1), 98. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-8-98
[24]. Vanderbilt, D., & Augustyn, M. (2010). The effects of bullying. Paediatrics and Child Health, 20(7), 315-320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paed.2010.03.008
[25]. WHO. (2016). Youth Violence. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/ detail/youth-violence

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
USD EUR INR USD-ROW
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.