Escaping from Life: Suicidal Behaviors

Nasreen Rafiq*, Neelam Rafiq **
*Registered Nurse, Intensive Care Unit, Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan.
**Registered Nurse, Emergency Department, Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan.
Periodicity:August - October'2018
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jnur.8.3.15248

Abstract

An individual undergoes through various psychological changes during his life. These changes sometimes result in disparities hence, life loses its state of equilibrium. This gives rise to risk taking behaviors like suicide. The literature review has been conducted to identify and highlight the causes of suicide, and some strategies to reduce its rate in order to promote individuals' physical and mental health. Various databases and search engines, ranging from 1998 to 2013, have been used to conduct a detailed analysis of the problem. Epidemiological studies show that suicide has taken a heavy toll. In east, suicidal behaviors are misinterpreted as honorable martyrdoms (Vaknin, 2013). Moreover, teenage suicide is the third leading cause of death among adolescents (Shain, 2007). These findings suggest that an instant attention is required towards the issue. Various socioeconomic, psychiatric, and personality disorders and sometimes the mixture of these are responsible behind its existing trends. Therefore, the resolution of the problem requires a multidimensional approach. Suicide is considered as a failure of coping mechanism. Since, it negatively influences health, it becomes important to reduce its trends. A collaborative effort of health professionals, society, and governmental organizations is required to hamper its growth.

Keywords

Suicidal Behaviors, Risk Taking, Personality Disorders, Coping Methods, Mental Health, Psychiatric Illness, CARE Framework.

How to Cite this Article?

Rafiq, N., and Rafiq, N. (2018). Escaping from Life: Suicidal Behaviors i-manager’s Journal on Nursing, 8(3),39-42. https://doi.org/10.26634/jnur.8.3.15248

References

[1]. Athey, A., Overholser, J., Bagge, C., Dieter, L., Vallender, E., & Stockmeier, C. A. (2018). Risk-taking behaviors and stressors differentially predict suicidal preparation, non-fatal suicide attempts, and suicide deaths. Psychiatry Research, 270, 160-167.
[2]. Beautrais, A., & Goldney, R. (2017). Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour. In Bloch, S., & Singh, B. S. (Eds.), Foundations of Clinical Psychiatry, Fourth Edition (pp. 491- 506) Melbourne. University Publishing.
[3]. Beck, A. T., Davis, D. D., & Freeman, A. (Eds.). (2015). Cognitive Therapy of Personality Disorders. Guilford Publications.
[4]. Canetto, S. S. (2015). Suicidal behaviors among Muslim Women. Patterns, Pathways, Meaning, and Prevention Crisis, 36(6), 447-458.
[5]. Cummins, N., Scherer, S., Krajewski, J., Schnieder, S., Epps, J., & Quatieri, T. F. (2015). A review of depression and suicide risk assessment using speecanalysis. Speech Communication, 71, 10-49.
[6]. Hirsch, J. K., & Cukrowicz, K. C. (2014). Suicide in rural areas: An updated review of the literature. Journal of Rural Mental Health, 38(2), 65.
[7]. Kumar, R., & Kalpana. (2013). Suicide: A silent preventable epidemic. Journal of Delhi Psychiatry, 16(1), 45.
[8]. McAllister, M., & Walsh, K. (2003). CARE: A framework for mental health practice. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 10(1), 39-48.
[9]. Stuart, G. W. (2013). Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing (10th Ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.
[10]. Vaknin, S. (2013). Sociocultural views on Suicide. Available at: http://www.matrixbookstore.biz/suicide2.html.
[11]. Xu, Z., Müller, M., Heekeren, K., Theodoridou, A., Metzler, S., Dvorsky, D., ... & Rüsch, N. (2016). Pathways between stigma and suicidal ideation among people at risk of psychosis. Schizophrenia Research, 172(1-3), 184- 188.
[12]. Young, J. E. (2014). Schema-focused therapy for personality disorders. In Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (pp. 215-236). Routledge.

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
USD EUR INR USD-ROW
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.