Investigation of Mechanical Properties by Optimizing process Parameters of FSW for AZ31B Magnesium Alloy

Gopal Rana*, Piyush Gulati**, S. S. Banwait***
*-** Department of Mechanical Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara (Punjab), India.
***Department of Mechanical Engineering, NITTTR, Punjab, India.
Periodicity:May - July'2019
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jfet.14.4.14828

Abstract

In the present experimental work, the friction stir welding was performed on AZ31B magnesium alloy. Four process parameters selected for the optimization of were rotational speed, weld speed, plunge depth and tool shape. Taguchi method was used to design the set of experiment that were carried out for the optimization of welding. Aforementioned four parameters, at four level each and L16 orthogonal array was used. The response characteristics selected was ultimate tensile strength and Taguchi's larger is better approach was used for calculating signal to noise ratio. The experiments were carried out according the Taguchi design of experiment made in Minitab 17 Software. Using signal to noise ratio, the optimum level of each parameter was found. Signal to noise ratio indicate the most influencing parameter for optimum tensile strength was weld Speed followed by plunge Depth and rotational Speed. The tool Pin profile has the least effect on the response characteristics. The effect of all these parameters on the tensile strength was validated by the ANOVA. Further, the contribution of each parameter was found by using ANOVA.

Keywords

Friction Stir Welding (FSW), Transverse Speed, Plunge Depth, Tool Profile, Rotational Speed, Ultimate Tensile Strength, Hardness, Nugget Zone (NZ), Advancing Side (AS), Retreating Side (RS).

How to Cite this Article?

Rana, G., Gulati, P.,and Banwait, S. S. (2019). Investigation of Mechanical Properties by Optimizing Process Parameters of FSW for AZ31B Magnesium Alloy. i-manager’s Journal on Future Engineering and Technology, 14(4), 22-32. https://doi.org/10.26634/jfet.14.4.14828

References

[1]. Arora, K., Pandey, S., Schaper, M. & Kumar, R. (2010). Effect of process parameters on friction stir welding of aluminum alloy 2219-T87. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 50(9-12), 941- 952. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-010-2560-3
[2]. Babu, S., Pavithran, S., Nithin, M. & Parameshwaran, B. (2014). Effect of tool shoulder diameter during friction stir processing of AZ31B alloy sheets of various thicknesses. Procedia Engineering, 97, 800-809. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.12.354
[3]. Bruni, C., Forcellese, A., Gabrielli, F. & Simoncini, M. (2011). Post-welding formability of AZ31 magnesium alloy. Materials & Design, 32(5), 2988-2991. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.matdes.2011.01.004
[4]. Chen, Y. & Nakata, K. (2009). Effect of tool geometry on microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir lap welded magnesium alloy and steel. Materials & Design, 30(9), 3913-3919. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. matdes.2009.03.007
[5]. Chen, J., Ueji, R., & Fujii, H. (2015). Double-sided friction-stir welding of magnesium alloy with concave–convex tools for texture control. Materials & Design, 76, 181-189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes. 2015.03. 040.
[6]. Chowdhury, S., Chen, D., Bhole, S., Cao, X. & Wanjara, P. (2012). Lap shear strength and fatigue life of friction stir spot welded AZ31 magnesium and 5754 aluminum alloys. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 556, 500-509.
[7]. Elanchezhian, C., Ramnath, B., Venkatesan, P., Sathish, S., Vignesh, T., Siddharth, R., Vinay, B. & Gopinath, K. (2014). Parameter optimization of friction stir welding of AA8011-6062 using mathematical method. Procedia Engineering, 97, 775-782. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.12.308
[8]. Gharacheh, M. A., Kokabi, A., Daneshi, G., Shalchi, B. & Sarrafi, R. (2006). The influence of the ratio of “rotational speed/traverse speed” (ω/v) on mechanical properties of AZ31 friction stir welds. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 46(15), 1983-1987.
[9]. Gupta, A., Singh, P., Gulati, P. & Shukla, D. (2015). Effect of Tool rotation speed and feed rate on the formation of tunnel defect in Friction Stir Processing of AZ31 Magnesium alloy. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2(4-5), 3463-3470. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr. 2015.07.322
[10]. Jayaraman, M., Siva subramanian, R. , Balasubramanian, V. & Lakshminarayanan, A. (2009). Optimization of process parameters for friction stir welding of cast aluminum alloy A319 by Taguchi method. Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research, 68(1), 36-43.
[11]. Karthikeyan, P., Thiagarajan, D. & Mahadevan, K. (2014). Study of relation between welding and hardening parameters of friction stir welded aluminium 2024 Alloy. Procedia Engineering, 97, 505-512. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.12.275
[12]. Koilraj, M., Sundareswaran, V., Vijayan, S. & Koteswara Rao, S. (2012). Friction stir welding of dissimilar aluminum alloys AA2219 to AA5083 – Optimization of process parameters using Taguchi technique. Materials & Design, 42, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes. 2012.02.016
[13]. Lakshminarayanan, A., Malarvizhi, S., & Balasubramanian, V. (2011). Developing friction stir welding window for AA2219 aluminium alloy. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 21(11), 2339- 2347. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1003-6326(11)61018-2.
[14]. Mishra, R., & Murray, W. (2007). Hand book of friction st stir welding and processing (1 Ed.). ASM International.
[15]. Mohammadi, J., Behnamian, Y., Mostafaei, A. & Gerlich, A. (2015). Tool geometry, rotation and travel speeds effects on the properties of dissimilar magnesium/aluminum friction stir welded lap joints. Materials & Design, 75, 95-112. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.matdes.2015.03.017
[16]. Padmanaban, G. & Balasubramanian, V. (2009). Selection of FSW tool pin profile, shoulder diameter and material for joining AZ31B magnesium alloy – An experimental approach. Materials & Design, 30(7), 2647- 2656. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes. 2008.10.021
[17]. Sahu, P. & Pal, S. (2015). Multi-response optimization of process parameters in friction stir welded AM20 magnesium alloy by Taguchi grey relational analysis. Journal of Magnesium and Alloys, 3(1), 36-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jma.2014.12.002
[18]. Shojaeefard, M., Akbari, M., Khalkhali, A., Asadi, P. & Parivar, A. (2014). Optimization of microstructural and mechanical properties of friction stir welding using the cellular automaton and Taguchi method. Materials & Design, 64, 660-666. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. matdes.2014.08.014
[19]. Tajiri, A., Uematsu, Y., Kakiuchi, T., Tozaki, Y., Suzuki, Y. & Afrinaldi, A. (2015). Effect of friction stir processing conditions on fatigue behavior and texture development in A356-T6 cast aluminum alloy. International Journal of Fatigue, 80, 192-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. ijfatigue.2015.06.001
[20]. Tutar, M., Aydin, H., Yuce, C., Yavuz, N. & Bayram, A. (2014). The optimisation of process parameters for friction stir spot-welded AA3003-H12 aluminium alloy using a Taguchi orthogonal array. Materials & Design, 63, 789- 797. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2014.07.003
[21]. Ugender, S., Kumar, A. & Reddy, A. (2014). Microstructure and mechanical properties of AZ31B magnesium alloy by friction stir welding. Procedia Materials Science, 6, 1600-1609. https://doi.org/10. 1016/j.mspro.2014.07.143

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
USD EUR INR USD-ROW
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.