Modification of Bitumen to Meet the Hot Regional Climatic Requirements of India

Mehdi Karimi Cheshmehgol*, Malik Shoeb Ahmad**
* Research Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.
** Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Periodicity:June - August'2018


Flexible pavements are chosen specially in the high temperature gradient for construction of roads. However, increased volume of traffic, overloading and world climatic changes, have caused widespread problems with the performance of these pavements. On the other hand, the huge amount of polymer is being produced causing menace to the environment. Recycling the waste polymers and using it in road construction have also considerable environmental benefits, such as reduced need for landfill, less pollution of both air and water. The present study was carried out on recycled and virgin polymers with two different sizes (granulate and flour); polyethylene low density (LDPER & V), highdensity polyethylene (HDPER & V), ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVAR & V) were used for modification of pristine bitumen (VG- 30). The outcome of the laboratory standard tests (conventional characterization, storage stability, dynamic viscosity, and resilience) were used in order to choose best-recycled polymer materials and their production. After comprehensive investigations, it has been found that optimum dosage of modified binder with virgin and recycled EVA and LDPE are 3% and 5% by weight, respectively. In case of recycled HDPE, the 3% was determined as an optimum dosage of modifier while for virgin HDPE it is 5%.


EVA, HDPE, LDPE, Modified Binder, Polymers, Storage Stability, Viscosity.

How to Cite this Article?

Cheshmehgol, M. K., Ahmad, M. S. (2018). Modification of Bitumen to Meet the Hot Regional Climatic Requirements of India. i-manager's Journal on Civil Engineering, 8(3), 1-11.


[1]. Airey, G. D. (2011). Factors affecting the rheology of polymer modified bitumen (PMB). In Polymer Modified Bitumen (pp. 238-263).
[2]. Ali, N., Zahran, S., Trogdon, J., & Bergan, A. (1994). A mechanistic evaluation of modified asphalt paving mixtures. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 21(6), 954- 965.
[3]. Ameri, M., Mansourian, A., Ashani, S. S., & Yadollahi, G. (2011). Technical study on the Iranian Gilsonite as an additive for modification of asphalt binders used in pavement construction. Construction and Building Materials, 25(3), 1379-1387.
[4]. Appiah, J. K., Berko-Boateng, V. N., & Tagbor, T. A. (2017). Use of waste plastic materials for road construction in Ghana. Case Studies in Construction Materials, 6, 1-7.
[5]. ASTM D4402 / D4402M-15. (2015). Standard Test Method for Viscosity Determination of Asphalt at Elevated Temperatures using a Rotational Viscometer, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. DOI:10.1520/D4402_D4402M-15.
[6]. ASTM D36 / D36M-14e1. (2014). Standard Test Method for Softening Point of Bitumen (Ring-and-Ball Apparatus), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. DOI: 10.1520/D0036_D0036M-14E01.
[7]. ASTM D5 / D5M-13. (2013). Standard Test Method for Penetration of Bituminous Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA. DOI: 10.1520/D0005_D0005M- 13. www.astm.orgv
[8]. Bureau of Indian Standards. (2004). Polymer and Rubber Modified bitumen specification (IS 15462: 2004). New Delhi, India.
[9]. Casey, D., McNally, C., Gibney, A., & Gilchrist, M. D. (2008). Development of a recycled polymer modified binder for use in stone mastic asphalt. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 52(10), 1167-1174.
[10]. Chen, J. S., Liao, M. C., & Lin, C. H. (2003). Determination of polymer content in modified bitumen. Materials and Structures, 36(9), 594-598.
[11]. Cong, P., Xun, P., Xing, M., & Chen, S. (2013). Investigation of asphalt binder containing various crumb rubbers and asphalts. Construction and Building Materials, 40, 632-641.
[12]. Costa, L. M., Hugo, M. R., Silva, D., Oliveira, J. R., & Fernandes, S. R. (2013). Incorporation of waste plastic in asphalt binders to improve their performance in the pavement. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology, 6(4), 457-464.
[13]. Fuentes-Auden, C., Sandoval, J. A., Jerez, A., Navarro, F. J., Martinez-Boza, F. J., Partal, P., & Gallegos, C. (2008). Evaluation of thermal and mechanical properties of recycled polyethylene modified bitumen. Polymer Testing, 27(8), 1005-1012.
[14]. Garcia-Morales, M., Partal, P., Navarro, F. J., & Gallegos, C. (2006). Effect of waste polymer addition on the rheology of modified bitumen. Fuel, 85(7-8), 936-943.
[15]. Hussein, I. A., Iqbal, M. H., & Al-Abdul-Wahhab, H. I. (2005). Influence of Mw of LDPE and vinyl acetate content of EVA on the rheology of polymer modified asphalt. Rheologica Acta, 45(1), 92-104.
[16]. IRC:SP:53-2010. Guidelines on use of modified bitumen in road construction, Second Edi. Vol. 1, New Delhi: IRC Highway Research Board, 2010.
[17]. Jain, P. K., Kumar, S., & Sengupta, J. B. (2011). Mitigation of rutting in bituminous roads by use of waste polymeric packaging materials. Indian Journal of Engineering & Materials Sciences, 18, 233-238.
[18]. Kalantar, Z. N., Karim, M. R., & Mahrez, A. (2012). A review of using waste and virgin polymer in pavement. Construction and Building Materials, 33, 55-62.
[19]. Mashaan, N. S., Ali, A. H., Karim, M. R., & Abdelaziz, M. (2012). An overview of crumb rubber modified asphalt. International Journal of Physical Sciences, 7(2), 166-170.
[20]. Murphy, M., O'mahony, M., Lycett, C., & Jamieson, I. (2001). Recycled polymers for use as bitumen modifiers. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 13(4), 306-314.
[21]. Roque, R., Birgisson, B., Drakos, C., & Sholar, G. (2005). Guidelines for use of Modified Binders (No. UF Project No. 4910-4504-964-12).
[22]. Sadeque, M., & Patil, K. A. (2014). Comparative study of EVA and waste polymer modified bitumen. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction and Architectural Engineering, 8(1),110-113.
[23]. Singh, M., Kumar, P., & Maurya, M. R. (2014). Effect of aggregate types on the performance of neat and EVAmodified asphalt mixtures. International Journal of Pavement Engineering, 15(2), 163-173.
[24]. Yildirim, Y. (2007). Polymer modified asphalt binders. Construction and Building Materials, 21(1), 66-72.
[25]. Yu, J. Y., FenG, Z. G., & ZHanG, H. L. (2011). Ageing of polymer modified bitumen (PMB). In Polymer Modified Bitumen (pp. 264-297).
[26]. Zhu, J., Birgisson, B., & Kringos, N. (2014). Polymer modification of bitumen: Advances and challenges. European Polymer Journal, 54, 18-38.
If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.