Remote Sensing and GIS Based Groundwater Prospects and Quality Assessment in Fatehabad District, Haryana

Surender Kumar*
*Faculty, Department of Geography, DNPG College, Hisar, Haryana, India.
Periodicity:August - October'2018

Abstract

In modern period of urbanization, industrialization, agriculture, and increasing population have great affect on quantity and quality of groundwater. Haryana is an agriculture dominated state so water is a major requirement for irrigation. Fatehabad district is also an agriculture dominated district, which lies between 28o48'15” to 29o17'10” N and 76o28'40” to 77o12'45” E covering an area of 2538 km2 . In this present study, remote sensing satellite IRS-P6-LISS-III 2006 has been used to assess the groundwater prospects and quality by preparing various thematic layers in Arc Map Arc Info 9.3 GIS software. Field visits have been done to collect GPS points to verify delineated unit and inventory data. Post field correction has been made in prospects and quality map. In the district, Older Alluvial Plain, Aeolian plain, Sand Dune, Sand Dune Complex, Palaeochannel, and Older Flood Plain have been demarcated. Older Alluvial covers the largest area of 1498.94 sq. km2 (59.09%) having good to very good groundwater prospects, which is 59.09% of total area. After that Aeolian plain covers 411.8 km2 (16.22%) having moderate to good, sand dune and dune complex covers 30.86 km2 (1.21) and 70.04 km2(2.77%), respectively having poor groundwater prospects. Older flood plain covers 368.84 km2(14.53%) having good to very good groundwater prospects. Palaeochannel covers 86.68 km2(3.41%) having very good to excellent groundwater prospects. For ground water quality, data has been collected from Groundwater Cell, Hisar. The major constituents, such as TDS, Cl, Ca+Mg, EC (μmho/cm), pH, and TH are used to assess the groundwater quality from pre monsoon and post monsoon data. Based on Indian Drinking Water Standards (BIS Guideline–IS: 10500:1991), ground water quality has been categorized into desirable and permissible limit and non-potable limit. In the integrated groundwater quality map, only two categories have same permissible and non potable limit. Permissible limit covers an area of 1703.67 sq.km (67.13%) and non-potable area covers an area of 834.33 sq.km (32.87%). The study presented is highly useful for giving a glance view of prospects and quality in the district which will be helpful in further development and management.

Keywords

Remote Sensing, GIS, GPS, Prospect, Quality, Groundwater, Fatehabad, Haryana.

How to Cite this Article?

Kumar, S. (2018). Remote Sensing and Gis Based Groundwater Prospects and Quality Assessment in Fatehabad District, Haryana.i-manager’s Journal on Future Engineering and Technology,14(1), 48-54.

References

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