In recent days, technology is being an integral part of everyday life and artificial Intelligence becomes a part and parcel of both manufacturing and service systems. Today researches on autonomous vehicles have been greatly improved. Currently, there is a need for a paper that presents a holistic literature survey of artificially intelligent autonomous vehicles. This paper presents holistic views of an artificially intelligent vehicle, the different methods adopted like a neural network, fuzzy logic, the different components, their advantages and disadvantages etc. Also, the various sensors and map building are explained which makes an autonomous car more robust. Incorporation of machine learning and fuzzy - neural vehicle systems control have been explained in detail in this paper.