Simulation and Performance Comparison of Variable Speed Multi-Phase PMSM Machines

0*, Amreen Fatma**, Mohd Khursheed Siddiqui***
* Associate Professor and Head, Department of Electrical Engineering, Guru Nanak Institute of Engineering & Management, Hoshiarpur,Punjab, India.
** Postgraduate, Department of Instrumentation and Control, Integral University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
*** Associate Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering, Integral University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Periodicity:September - November'2018


In the present time, the multi-phase Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines (PMSMs) are being popular in the industries with efficient performance. In future, the multi-phase Permanent Magnet (PM) synchronous machines may be used in the variable speed drive applications, especially in renewable energy generation. Therefore, an accurate simulation model is needed for variable speed applications of PMSMs. Therefore, in this paper, an attempt has been made to make variable speed PMSMs simulation models in the latest MATLAB/Simulation environment with effective performance. The three phase and five phase variable speed PMSM machines models have been developed and both the performances have been compared. For performance comparison, three motor parameters have been used; these are stator currents, rotor speed, and electromagnetic torque. In the simulation models, two control loops have been used for efficient performance of the motor. The inner loop is used to control the speed of the motor and outer loop is used to control stator currents. The PI controller has also been used for motor controlling purpose. Finally, the authors state that the five phase variable speed PMSM motor model gives encouraging results as compared to three phase PMSM motor.


Permanent Magnet (PM), Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM), Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) Inverter, Five Phase, Three Phase, PI Controller, Modeling and Simulation.

How to Cite this Article?

Siddiqui,K.M., Fatma,A.,& Siddiqui,M.K.(2018). Simulation and Performance Comparison of Variable Speed Multi-Phase PMSM Machines. i-manager’s Journal on Electronics Engineering , 9(1), 7-13.


[1]. Choi, H. Y., Park, S. J., Kong, Y. K., & Bin, J. G. (2009, November). Design of multi-phase permanent magnet motor for ship propulsion. In Electrical Machines and Systems, 2009. ICEMS 2009. International Conference on (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
[2]. Huixian, L., & Shihua, L. (2012). Speed control for PMSM Servo system using predictive functional control and extended state observer. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., 59(2), 1171-1183.
[3]. Mani, M. V. (2006). A quick overview on rotatory Brush and Brushless DC Motors (Tech.Rep.) Motion Control Department, Ingenia, Barcelona, Spain.
[4]. Milanesi, F. (2009). Design optimization and control strategies for PM Multiphase Tubular Linear Actuators (Doctoral Dissertation, Alma).
[5]. Nagamani, C., & Somanatham, R. (2016). Design and analysis of traction drive system for hybrid locomotives using 5-phase permanent magnet synchronous motors as traction motors. i-manager's Journal on Electrical Engineering, 10(2), 27-45.
[6]. Pillay, P., & Krishnan, R. (1989). Modeling, simulation, and analysis of permanent-magnet motor drives. I. The permanent-magnet synchronous motor drive. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 25(2), 265-273.
[7]. Pillay, P., & Krishnan, R. (1991). Application characteristics of permanent magnet synchronous and brushless DC motors for servo drives. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 27(5), 986-996.
[8]. Siddiqui, K. M., Sahay, K., & Giri, V. K. (2017a). Modeling and open phase fault analysis in three and five phase permanent magnet synchronous motor machine. i-manager's Journal on Instrumentation & Control Engineering, 5(4), 32-40.
[9]. Siddiqui, K. M., Upadhyay, S. K., Singh, S., Srivastava, R. K., & Babu, R. (2017b). Performance and analysis of PWM Inverter fed 3-Phase PMSM drive. i-manager's Journal on Electronics Engineering, 8(1), 9-18.
[10]. Thakur, E. S. (2016). A review on multiphase Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Drive. International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, 4(6), 11275-11282.
[11]. Zhao, Y., & Lipo, T. A. (1996). Modeling and control of a multi-phase induction machine with structural unbalance. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 11(3), 578-584.

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.