Analysis of selectively filled Ethanol holes in octagonal ring of photonic crystal fiber

Sakhi Gopal Panda*, Vikas Sahu**, Akash Joshi***
*,*** PG Scholar, Department of Electronics & Telecommunications Engineering, Shri Shankaracharya Technical Campus, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India.
** Assistant Professor, Department of Electronics & Telecommunications Engineering, Shri Shankaracharya Technical Campus, Bhilai, Chhattisgarh, India.
Periodicity:June - August'2018


This paper proposes the analysis of various parameters after simulations of Photonic crystal fibers having air holes arranged in octagonal shape. Some of the air-holes replaced by some other liquid of refractive index differ from air to achieve more effective responses. This Octagonal Photonic Crystal Fiber (O-PCF) consists of four rings in which the air holes are placed. Four holes in the innermost ring of O-PCF are filled with Ethanol instead of air. The parameter calculations are done by varying the hole diameters, pitch values, and wavelengths while keeping the perfectly matched layer (PML) values constant. COMSOL Multiphysics is the software platform used to design these proposed structures, which uses Finite Element Method (FEM). The calculation of confinement loss and graphical representation are done in MATLAB. The advantage of taking ethanol as a substitute of air is that the confinement loss is reduced as compared to the confinement loss with only air hole PCF structures.


Photonic Crystal Fiber (PCF), Hexagonal Photonic Crystal Fiber (H-PCF), Octagonal Photonic Crystal Fiber (OPCF), Finite Element Method, Confinement Loss, Perfectly Matched Layers (PML).

How to Cite this Article?

Panda. S. G., Sahu. V and Joshi. (2018). Analysis of Selectively Filled Ethanol Holes in Octagonal Ring of Photonic Crystal Fiber. i-manager's Journal on Electronics Engineering, 8(4), 34-40.


[1]. Ahmed, K., & Morshed, M. (2016). Design and numerical analysis of microstructured-core octagonal photonic crystal fiber for sensing applications. Sensing and Bio-Sensing Research, 7, 1-6.
[2]. Akowuah, E. K., Ademgil, H, & Haxha, S. (2012). Design and analysis of Photonic Crystal Fibers (PCFs) for t h broadband applications. IEEE 4 International Conference on Adaptive Science & Technology (ICAST), (pp.114-120). IEEE.
[3]. Arif, M. F. H., Asaduzzaman, S., Ahmed, K., & Morshed, M. (2016). High sensitive PCF based chemical sensor for ethanol detection. In Informatics, Electronics and Vision th (ICIEV), 2016 5 International Conference on (pp. 6-9). IEEE.
[4]. Chiang, J. S., & Wu, T. L. (2006). Analysis of propagation characteristics for an Octagonal Photonic Crystal Fiber (O-PCF). Optics Communications, 258(2), 170-176.
[5]. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H., Petropoulos, P., Asimakis, S., Finazzi, V., Moore, R. C., Frampton, K., ... & Monro, T. M. (2004). Bismuth glass holey fibers with high nonlinearity. Optics Express, 12(21), 5082-5087.
[6]. Gundu, K. M., Kolesik, M., Moloney, J. V., & Lee, K. S. (2006). Ultra-flattened-dispersion selectively liquid-filled photonic crystal fibers. Optics Express, 14(15), 6870-6878.
[7]. Habib, M. S., Motin, M. A., Hasan, M. I., Habib, M. S., Razzak, S. A., & Khan, M. G. (2013). Dispersion and confinement loss control with decagonal photonic crystal fibers for wideband transmission systems. In Informatics, Electronics & Vision (ICIEV), 2013 International Conference on (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
[8]. Hossain, M. M., & Maniruzzaman, M. (2014). Analysis of dispersion and confinement loss in photonic crystal fiber. In Electrical Engineering and Information & Communication Technology(ICEEICT) ,2014 International Conference on (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
[9]. Jensen, J. B., Riishede, J., Broengx, J., Lægsgaard, J., Larsen, T. T., Sorensen, T., ... & Bjarklev, A. (2003). Photonic crystal fibers: fundamental properties and applications within sensors. In Sensors, 2003. Proceedings of IEEE (Vol. 1, pp. 269-278). IEEE.
[10]. Joshi, A., Shrivastava, S. M., Sahu, V. & Anshu. (2017). Modeling of Hexagonal and Octagonal Photonic Crystal Fiber: A Research Paper. i-manager's Journal on Electronics Engineering, 7(4), 34-40.
[11]. Joshi, A., Shrivastava, S, M., & Sahu, V. (2017b). Simulation of various structures of Photonic Crystal Fibers. National Conference on Research Challenges in Science, Technology and Management for National Development, (BIT.CON-2017).
[12]. Liang, H., Chen, H., & Li, J. (2015). Characteristics analysis of hybrid photonic crystal fiber with hexagonal structure. Optik-International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, 126(20), 2335-2337.
[13]. Mishra, S. S., Singh, V. K. (2011). Study of non-linear properties of hollow core photonic crystal fiber. Optik,122(8), 687-690.
[14]. Razzak, S. A., & Namihira, Y. (2008). Proposal for highly nonlinear dispersion-flattened octagonal photonic crystal fibers. IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, 20(4), 249-251.
[15]. Razzak, S. A., Khan, M. A. G., Begum, F., & Kaijage, S. (2007). Guiding properties of a decagonal photonic crystal fiber. Journal of Microwaves, Optoelectronics and Electromagnetic Applications (JMOe), 6(1), 44-49.
[16]. Rindorf, L., & Bang, O. (2008). Sensitivity of photonic crystal fiber grating sensors: Biosensing, refractive index, strain, and temperature sensing. JOSA B, 25(3), 310-324.
[17]. Yu, Y., Li, X., Hong, X., Deng, Y., Song, K., Geng, Y., ... & Tong, W. (2010). Some features of the photonic crystal fiber temperature sensor with liquid ethanol filling. Optics Express, 18(15), 15383-15388.

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.