Development of an Offline Simulation Tool to Test the ON-Board Diagnostics Software For BS-VI

Aarti Anil Awathare*, P. Malathi**, Nilesh G. Gaikwad***
* M.E. Student, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, D.Y. Patil College of Engineering, Pune, India.
** Professor and Vice Principal, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, D.Y. Patil College of Engineering, Pune, India.
*** Electronic Technical Specialist, Cummins Technical Centre India, Pune, India.
Periodicity:January - March'2018


This paper aims at developing the offline Simulink model for different diagnostics algorithm for BS-VI On-Board Diagnostics (OBD). Union Government has announced that it will enforce the BS-VI emission norms for automobiles by 2020. BS-VI have stringent norms compared to BS-IV along with a Real Driving Emission (RDE). Thus, it introduces new methodologies based on estimators and physical modules for different subsystem interfaces, such as Air handling, After treatment system, filtration system, etc. This is a challenging problem to develop robust diagnostics due to increase in the number of complex electronics. It requires strong tools for the analysis of vehicle duty cycle and testing cell data, which will help to decide on tuning strategies. In such scenario, offline simulation tools will be very helpful and cost effective in tuning and validation process of diagnostics and features. This paper explains the offline simulation diagnostics methodology for various BS-VI applications with virtual sensor concept instead of using an expensive physical sensor, which in order helps in reducing the cost of the overall system as well as the tuning time in test laboratories.


Bharat Stage VI (BS-VI), On Board Diagnostics (OBD), Particulate Matter (PM).

How to Cite this Article?

Awathare, A, A., Malathi, P., and Gaikwad, N, G.(2018). Development of an Offline Simulation Tool to Test the ON-Board Diagnostics Software For BS-VI. i-manager's Journal on Software Engineering, 12(3), 21-26.


[1]. de Oliveira Costa, L., Godden, J. E., Amadio, R. B., & Santos, R. S. (2013). Challenges and Trends for the Emissions Monitoring Systems (OBD) of Heavy Duty Diesel Engines in Brazil: Comparative Case Study Euro VI x Proconve P7 (No. 2013-36-0184). SAE Technical Paper.
[2]. de Oliveira Costa, L., Pavão, B. T., Santos, R. S., & Caldeira, G. R. (2015). Synergies and Differences of Emissions Monitoring System (OBD) for Otto (Proconve L6) and Diesel (Proconve L6/P7) Vehicles (No. 2015-36-0184). SAE Technical Paper.
[3]. Emission Standards (2015). Heavy-Duty Emissions Standards for India. Retrieved from https://www.dieselnet. com/standards/in/hd.php
[4]. Fussey, P., & Ormerod, M. (2006). U.S. Patent Application No. 10/545,513. Washington, DC: US Patent and Trademark Office.
[5]. Heuser, P., Ghetti, S., Rathod, D., Petri, S., & Schoenfeld, S. (2017). Bharat Stage VI Solutions for Commercial Engines for the India Market (No. 2017-26- 0043). SAE Technical Paper.
[6]. Naik, S., Johnson, D., Fromm, L., Koszewnik, J., Redon, F., Regner, G., & Abani, N. (2017). Achieving Bharat Stage VI emissions regulations while improving fuel economy with the Opposed-Piston Engine. SAE International Journal of Engines, 10(2017-26-0056), 17-26.
[7]. Nanjundaswamy, H., Tatur, M., Tomazic, D., Dahodwala, M., Eping, T., Virnich, L., ... & Read, M. (2011). Development and calibration of on-boarddiagnostic strategies using a micro-HiL approach (No. 2011-01-0703). SAE Technical Paper.
[8]. Piscaglia, F., & Ferrari, G. (2007). Development of an offline simulation tool to test the on-board diagnostic software for diesel after-treatment systems (No. 2007-01- 1133). SAE Technical Paper.
[9]. Schöggl, M., & Lorinser, E. G. (2017). The Influences on Real Driving Emissions in India Outlook RDE Legislation BHARAT VI (No. 2017-26-0137). SAE Technical Paper.
[10]. Sim, A. X. A., & Sitohang, B. (2014, November). OBDII standard car engine diagnostic software development. In Data and Software Engineering (ICODSE), 2014 International Conference on (pp. 1-5). IEEE.
[11]. Vitale, G., Siebenbrunner, P., Hülser, H., Bachler, J., & Pfahl, U. (2007). Obd algorithms: Model-based development and calibration (No. 2007-01-4222). SAE Technical Paper.

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.