Effects of Voltage Crest Factor in Rapid Start Lamps with HPF

Aniruddha Mukherjee*, M. K. Gupta**
* Research Scholar, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
** Professor, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Periodicity:April - June'2018
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jee.11.4.14423

Abstract

The aspect of lamp expectancy for compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) has already been explored by many lighting engineers. It is also well understood that there several parameters that are always influencing the life and performance of CFLs. The parameter such as lamp current crest factor happens to be a pivotal piece of information in connection with lamp life. It has been observed experimentally that the range of lamp current crest factor should be 1.9 to 2.1 for CFLs. Thus implying a reliable heating of the lamp electrodes without any damage. In most of the high power factor (HPF) lamps it has been observed that the lamp current crest factor is within the prescribed limit. But however if the electrode heating is not sufficient it will result in sputtering of the electrode coating and if it more than sufficient evaporation will occur. In both the cases the lamp electrodes are prone to damage. It has been observed that the lamp starting voltage is an important parameter that governs the necessary and sufficient heating of the lamp electrodes. In this paper explores the impact of high power factor (HPF) circuit on the life of self-ballasted lamps by analyzing the lamp voltage crest factor. The experiment carried out on different types of 18W lamps data for lamp voltage crest factor has been collected.  The research work done in this paper provides information about the lamp voltage crest factor with corresponding change in electrode temperature. The lamps used in this paper are put to accelerated test with 5 minutes on and 5 minutes off cycle. The lamps with improved circuit is compared with the other types. The lamp voltage responsible for preheating is finally considered while regulating voltage crest factor using IR215X IC for the lamp ballast. The degradation of lamp life is observed physically. The data is plotted in MATLAB and analyzed. An empirical relation has been derived from the curve fitting tool with the set of results obtained. This work serves an important aspect of HPF circuitry as it explores an ingenious parameter influencing the life of CFLs

Keywords

High power factor; lamp current; lamp voltage crest factor; lifetime

How to Cite this Article?

Mukherjee, A., and Gupta, M. K. (2018). Effects Of Voltage Crest Factor In Rapid Start Lamps With HPF. i-manager’s Journal on Electrical Engineering, 11(4), 66-71. https://doi.org/10.26634/jee.11.4.14423

References

[1]. Chondrakis, N. G., & Topalis, F. V. (2009). Starting characteristics of fluorescent tubes and compact fluorescent lamps operating with electronic ballasts. Measurement, 42(1), 78-86.
[2]. Hadrath, S. (2007). On electrode erosion in fluorescent lamps during instant start (Doctoral Dissertation, Universitätsbibliothek).
[3]. Ji, Y., & Davis, R. (1996, October). Reducing the uncertainty in fluorescent lamp/ballast system compatibility. In Industry Applications Conference, 1996. Thirty-First IAS Annual Meeting, IAS'96., Conference Record of the 1996 IEEE (Vol. 4, pp. 2189-2193). IEEE.
[4]. Ji, Y., Davis, R., O'Rourke, C., & Chui, E. W. M. (1999). Compatibility testing of fluorescent lamp and ballast systems. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 35(6), 1271-1276.
[5]. Kheraluwala, M. H., & El-Hamamsy, S. A. (1995, June). Modified valley-fill high power factor electronic ballast for compact fluorescent lamps. In Power Electronics th Specialists Conference, 1995. PESC'95 Record., 26 Annual IEEE (Vol. 1, pp. 10-14). IEEE.
[6]. Lam, J. C., Pan, S., & Jain, P. K. (2014). A single-switch valley-fill power-factor-corrected electronic ballast for compact fluorescent lightings with improved lamp current crest factor. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 61(9), 4654-4664.
[7]. Lam, J., & Jain, P. K. (2012, October). A simple single switch electronic ballast for compact fluorescent lamps with passive power factor correction (PFC) and soft th switching capability. In IECON 2012-38 Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society (pp. 4503-4508). IEEE.
[8]. Mukherjee, A., & Soni, A. (2015, February). Effect of power factor improvement on switching life of self ballasted fluorescent lamps. In Signal Processing, Informatics, Communication and Energy Systems (SPICES), 2015 IEEE International Conference on (pp. 1-4). IEEE.
[9]. Mukherjee, A., Mandal, R. S., Sur, A. K., & Mazumdar, S. (2010). Power factor and harmonic analysis of self ballasted compact Fluorescent Lamps. Light & Engineering, 18(1), 101-107.
[10]. National Lighting Product Information Program. (2000). Specifier Reports on Electronic Ballasts, 8(1). Retrieved from http://www.lrc.rpi.edu/programs/NLPIP/ PDF/VIEW/SREB2.pdf
[11]. O'Rourke, C., & Figueiro, M. G. (2001). Long-term performance of screwbase compact fluorescent lamps. Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society, 30(2), 30- 39.
[12]. Rosillo, F. G., Chivelet, N. M., & Aguilera, M. E. (2009, November). Effects of electronic ballasts in fluorescent lamp lifetime. In Industrial Electronics, 2009. IECON'09. th 35 Annual Conference of IEEE (pp. 3512-3517). IEEE.
[13]. Verderber, R. R., Morse, O. C., & Alling, W. R. (1993). Harmonics from compact fluorescent lamps. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 29(3), 670-674.
[14]. Wood, P. N. (1998, October). Flourescent ballast design using passive PFC and crest factor control. In Industry Applications Conference, 1998. Thirty-Third IAS Annual Meeting. The 1998 IEEE (Vol. 3, pp. 2076-2081). IEEE.
[15]. Yamagata, Y., Kai, M., Naito, S., Tomita, K., Uchino, K., & Manabe, Y. (2010). Relationship between Ba atom emission and electrode temperature in a low-pressure fluorescent lamp. Thin Solid Films, 518(13), 3449-3452.

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
USD EUR INR USD-ROW
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.