Implications of Korean Experiences of ICT in Education in Indian Context: A Viewpoint

C. Bansal*, P. K. Misra**
* Senior Research Fellow, Department of Education, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India..
** Professor, Department of Education, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Periodicity:January - March'2018


South Korea has achieved the rank of high tech nations of 21st century, 100% literacy and 100% schools with internet connectivity in a span of 20 years. There are several factors responsible for these notable achievements. Optimal and effective integration of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) in education is one of the main reasons behind successful journey of Korea in various socio-economic spheres. In this backdrop, present study was conducted to understand the journey of South Korea in reference to their initiatives and policies of ICT in education to draw useful lessons for India. This study is mainly based on the review of existing policies and practices, as well as other available literature and statistics related to use of ICT in education in Korea. On the basis of obtained findings, researchers figured out few lessons for policymakers and planners of India to integrate ICT in education in a more effective and efficient way.


Korea, India, Education, Information and Communication Technology, ICT in Education.

How to Cite this Article?

Bansal, C., and Misra, P. K. (2018). Implications of Korean Experiences of ICT in Education in Indian Context: A Viewpoint. i-manager’s Journal of Educational Technology,14(4), 61-70.


[1]. Bacsich, P., & Proli, D. (2011). Researching Virtual Initiatives in Education. Retrieved from http://www.virtual
[2]. Bush, M. D., & Mott, J. D. (2009). The transformation of learning with technology. Educational Technology, 49(1), 3-20.
[3]. Cohen, D. K., & Hill, H. C. (2001). Learning Policy: When state Education Reform Works. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
[4]. Dessoff, A. (2012). Asia's burgeoning higher education hubs. NAFSA Association of International Educators. Retrieved from 12_asia.pdf
[5]. Freeman, B., Marginson, S., & Tytler, R. (Ed.). (2015). The Age of STEM: Educational Policy and Practice across the World in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. New York, NY: Routledge.
[6]. Hwang, D. J. (2016). The Initiatives on ICT in Education in Korea: Cyber Learning System. Korea: UNESCO.
[7]. Hwang, D. J., Yang, H., & Kim, H. (2010). A Best Practice of e-learning in Korea. Moscow, Russia: UNESCO, IITE.
[8]. Khan, M. S. H., Hasan, M., & Clement, C.K. (2012). Barriers to the introduction of ICT into education in developing countries: The example of Bangladesh. International Journal of Instruction, 5(2), 61-80.
[9]. Kim,Y. ( 2007). Understanding Korean education, ICT in Korean education. Korean Educational Development Institute, 2(1).
[10]. Korea Foundation for the Advancement of Science and Creativity (2011). Report on Korean's understanding of science and technology. Korea: KOFAC.
[11]. Korean Educational Development Institute (2015). Education for the Future. KEDI. Retrieved from .do
[12]. Korean Educational Development Institute. (2007). Understanding Korean education, 2. KEDI. Retrieved from http://
[13]. Korean Educational Development Institute. (2014). Brief statistics on Korean education. KEDI. Retrieved from
[14]. Korean Ministry of Education & Korean Education and Research Information Service. (2014). White Paper on ICT in Education in Korea 2014. Korea: KERIS.
[15]. Kozma, R. B. (2005). National Policies that connect ICT-based education reform to economic and social development. An Interdisciplinary Journal on Humans in ICT Environments, 1(2), 117-156.
[16]. Kozma, R. B. (2008). Comparative analysis of policies for ICT in education. Springer International Handbook of Information Technology in Primary and Secondary Education. Boston, MA: Springer.
[17]. Kozma, R.B. (2003). Technology and Classroom practices: An international study. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 36 (1), 1–14.
[18]. Law, N., Pelgrum, W. J., & Plomp, T. (2008). Pedagogy and ICT in schools around the World: Findings from the SITES 2006 study. Hong Kong: CERC and Springer.
[19]. MHRD. (2014). Annual Report 2013-2014. Department of School Education & Literary Department of Higher Education. New Delhi: MHRD.
[20]. MHRD. (2016). National Policy on Education 2016. Report of the committee for evolution of the new education policy. New Delhi: MHRD.
[21]. Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology. (2017). Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan. Retrieved from http:// www.
[22]. Mishra, A. (2012). Potential to host several higher education hubs. University World News. Retrieved from 0121207163806248
[23]. OECD. (2014). Strong Performers and successful reformers in education: Lesson from PISA for Korea. OECD: Korea.
[24]. OECD. (2016). Education Policy Outlook: Korea. OECD: Korea. Retrieved from education/Education-Policy-Outlook-Korea.pdf
[25]. Ramirez, E. (2017). Nearly 100% of households in South Korea now have internet access. Retrieved from http://
[26]. Reigeluth, C. M. (2008). Instructional theory and technology for the new paradigm of education. Numero, 32. Retrieved from http://
[27]. Sanchez, J., Salinas, A., & Harris, J. (2011). Education with ICT in South Korea and Chile. International Journal of Educational Development, 31(2), 126-148.
[28]. So, H. (2016). Shaping the future of education with technology- comparison of Korea and Singapore for ICT in education. ADB Knowledge Sharing Programme on ICT in Education. Korea: UNESCO
[29]. Thakur, G. K. (2014). ICT and digital divide in Indian school system. International Journal of Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Studies, 2(2), 34-38.
[30]. UN. (1997). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly: 52/LII. United Nations Millennium Declaration. New York: UN.
[31]. UN. (2000). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly: 55/2. United Nations Millennium Declaration. New York: UN.
[32]. UN. (2002a). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly: 56/116. United Nations Literacy Decade: education for all. New York: UN.
[33]. UN. (2002b). United Nations Literacy Decade: Education for all. International plan of action: Implementation of General Assembly Resolution 56/116. New York: UN.
[34]. UNDP. (2001). Making technologies work for human development. Human development report. New York: UNDP
[35]. UNESCO Institute for Statistics. (2014). Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Education in Asia. Montreal: UIS. Retrieved
[36]. UNESCO. (2005b). UNESCO and Sustainable Development: Final Report. France: UNESCO. Retrieved from
[37]. UNESCO. (2014). Education Systems in ASEAN +6 countries: A comparative analysis of selected educational issues. Bangkok: UNESCO.
[38]. Watson, S. L., & Watson, W. R. (2011). The role of technology and computer- based instruction in a disadvantaged alternative school's culture of learning. Computer in the Schools Interdisciplinary Journal of Practice, Theory, and Applied Research, 28(1), 39-55. Retrieved from 10.1080/07380569.2011.552042

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.