An Investigation on Recent Trends in Metamaterial Types and its Applications

Jaydeep Suvariya*, Sunil Lavadiya**
* PG Scholar, Communication System Engineering, Marwadi Engineering College, Rajkot, India.
** Assistant Professor, Marwadi Education Foundation's Group of Institutions, Rajkot, India.
Periodicity:January - March'2018


The main objective behind this paper is to give a brief idea on Metamaterials. In this paper, history of metamaterials, its Introduction, classification, various properties, advantages, and applications are reviewed. In this paper, different methods of parameter extraction for metamaterial structure were also examined. Metamaterials are artificially invented materials. The property of metamaterials is different from the natural materials. By using Split Ring Resonators (SRR) and Wire structure, metamaterials provide the simultaneous negative value of permittivity and permeability; same properties can also be obtained by creating different shapes on patch, e.g. Coupled pi shape, Omega shape, Complementary Split Ring Resonator (CSRR), etc. Compared to conventional materials metamaterials differ in terms of their structure. In the conventional natural material we get the Positive Index of Refraction (PIR) or Right Handed Materials (RHM), while metamaterial provides Negative Index of Refraction (NIR) or Left Handed Materials (LHM). In this paper, different methods of designing and simulation of Metamaterial Unit cell and steps for the metamaterial parameter extraction were also examined.


Metamaterial, Negative Refractive Index, Negative Permittivity, Negative Permeability, SNG, DNG, ENG, MNG, DPS, Left Handed Material

How to Cite this Article?

Suvariya,J., and Lavadiya, S. (2018). An Investigation on Recent Trends in Metamaterial Types and its Applications. i-manager’s Journal on Material Science, 5(4), 55-68.


[1]. Ashraf, F., Ullah, M. A., Alam, M. S., Islam, M. R., Alam, T., Islam, M. T., & Azim, R. (2017). Mathematical characterization of coupled Pi-shaped DNG metamaterial structure. In Electrical, Computer and Communication Engineering (ECCE), International Conference on (pp. 794-797). IEEE.
[2]. Buriak, I. A., & Zhurba, V. O. (2016). A review of microwave metamaterial structures classifications and applications. In Physics and Engineering of Microwaves, Millimeter and Submillimeter Waves (MSMW), 2016 9th International Kharkiv Symposium on (pp. 1-3). IEEE.
[3]. Dhillon, M., & Dimri, P. (2015). Design of Metamaterials in HFSS and Extraction of Permittivity and Permeability using NRW Method. Int. J. Electron. Electr. Comput. Syst., 4, 38- 43.
[4]. Dubey, S., & Dongre, V. J. (2016). Dual band patch antenna with enhanced gain using metamaterial. International Conference & Workshop on Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering (ICWET 2016) (pp. 45-51).
[5]. El Badawe, M., Almoneef, T. S., & Ramahi, O. M. (2016). A true metasurface antenna. Scientific Reports, 6, 19268.
[6]. Ji, L., & Varadan, V. V. (2016). Negative refractive index and negative refraction of waves in lossy metamaterials. Electronics Letters, 52(4), 260-262.
[7]. Jyothi, M. H., Bipin, D. V., Choudhury, B., & Nair, R. U. (2016). Design of conformal metamaterial unit cells for invisibility cloaking applications. In India Conference (INDICON), 2016 IEEE Annual (pp. 1-5). IEEE.
[8]. Khushboo, & Kiran K. U. (2016). Design of metamaterial for wide stop band application. International Conference on Wireless Communications, Signal Processing and Networking (WiSPNET). IEEE.
[9]. Kumar, U., Upadhyay, D. K., & Shahu, B. L. (2016). Improvement of performance parameters of rectangular patch antenna using metamaterial. In Recent Trends in Electronics, Information & Communication Technology (RTEICT), IEEE International Conference on (pp. 1011- 1015). IEEE.
[10]. Manohar, R., Jacob, S., & Muttath, D. J. (2015). Investigation of double negativity of SRR-thin wire structures. In Control Communication & Computing India (ICCC), 2015 International Conference on (pp. 470-473). IEEE.
[11]. Mendhe, S. E., & Kosta, Y. P. (2011). Metamaterial properties and applications. International Journal of Information Technology and Knowledge Management, 4(1), 85-89.
[12]. Pendry, J. B., & Smith, D. R. (2004). Reversing light with negative refraction. Physics Today, 57(6), 37-43.
[13]. Rajak, N., & Chattoraj, N. (2016). Design and analysis of a bandwidth enhanced antenna based on metasurface for wireless applications. In Electrical, Computer and Electronics Engineering (UPCON), 2016 IEEE Uttar Pradesh Section International Conference on (pp. 367-371). IEEE.
[14]. Singh, G., & Marwaha, A. (2015). A Review of Metamaterials and its Applications. International Journal of Engineering Trend and Technology (IJETT), 19(6) ,305-310.
[15]. Smith, D. R., Schultz, S., Markoš, P., & Soukoulis, C. M. (2002). Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients. Physical Review B, 65(19), 195104.
[16]. Stevenson, R., Sazegar, M., Bily, A., Johnson, M., & Kundtz, N. (2016). Metamaterial surface antenna technology: Commercialization through diffractive metamaterials and liquid crystal display manufacturing. In Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics (Metamaterials), 2016 10th International Congress on (pp. 349-351). IEEE.
[17]. Szabó, Z., Park, G. H., Hedge, R., & Li, E. P. (2010). A unique extraction of metamaterial parameters based on Kramers–Kronig relationship. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 58(10), 2646-2653.
[18]. Uddin, M. J., Ullah, M. H., Latef, T. A., Mahadi, W. N. L., & Islam, M. T. (2016). Making Meta Better: The synthesis of new-shaped periodic artificial structures suitable for metamaterial behavior characterization. IEEE Microwave Magazine, 17(8), 52-58.
[19]. Xin, H. (2015). Active metamaterials with gain compensation. In Antennas and Propagation (ISAP), 2015 International Symposium (pp. 1-2). IEEE.
[20]. Yu, K., Li, Y., & Wang, Y. (2017). Multi-band metamaterial- based microstrip antenna for WLAN and WiMAX applications. In Applied Computational Electromagnetics Society Symposium-Italy (ACES), 2017 International (pp. 1-2). IEEE.

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.