Transient Analysis of Stone Masonry Arch Railway Bridge

Vijayalekshmi T. P. *, Job Thomas**
* Former M.Tech. Student, Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kerala, India
** Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kerala, India.


This paper presents the transient load analysis of an existing stone masonry arch bridge. The bridge is analyzed to study its stress and deformation behavior. Three cases, namely, original bridge subjected to MG (Meter Guage) or BG (Broad Guage) loading, retrofitted bridge subjected to BG loading was analyzed. The analysis indicated that retrofitting is required to launch BG loading in the existing bridge. A retrofitting by concrete jacketing on the pier and intrados of arch was suggested. The adequacy of the suggested retrofitting to carry the increased load due to the gauge up-gradation is evaluated. The finite element analysis is carried out to determine the stress, crown deflection, and spread of the arch. Three dimensional models of the stone masonry arch bridge in its original form and strengthened form are generated in CATIA V5 (Computer Aided Three Dimentional Interactive Application Software). Transient analysis of the bridge is carried out in ANSYS (Analysis System Software). The 3D finite element analysis indicated that the crown deflection in the original structure is more than the limiting value specified in the Arch Bridge Code. The provision of 450 mm thick concrete jacket for the arch was found to be sufficient to mitigate the excessive crown deflection. The strengthening work is progressing in the work site.


Finite Element Method, Masonry, Modeling, Structural Analysis, Structural Design

How to Cite this Article?

Vijayalekshmi, T.P. and Thomas, J. (2018). Transient Analysis of Stone Masonry Arch Railway Bridge. i-manager’s Journal on Structural Engineering, 6(4), 8-15.


[1]. Almasri, A. H., & Al-Waked, Q. F. (2016). Inspection and numerical analysis of an Ottoman railway bridge in Jordan. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 1. Article ID 9039483. doi:10.1155/2016/9039483.
[2]. Ataei, S. & Miri, A. (2016). Finite element model calibration of Babak bridge by dynamic load tests. In rd Proceedings of the 3 Iranian International NDT Conference.
[3]. Ataei, S., Miri, A., & Tajalli, M. (2017). Dynamic load testing of a railway masonry arch bridge: A case study of Babak Bridge. Scientia Iranica. Transaction A, Civil Engineering, 24(4), 1834.
[4]. Behnamfar, F., & Afshari, M. (2013). Collapse analysis and strengthening of stone arch bridges against earthquake. International Journal of Architectural Heritage, 7(1), 1-25.
[5]. Costa, C., Arêde, A., Morais, M., & Aníbal, A. (2015). Detailed FE and DE modelling of stone masonry arch bridges for the assessment of load-carrying capacity. Procedia Engineering, 114, 854-861.
[6]. Domede, N., Sellier, A., & Stablon, T. (2013). Structural analysis of a multi-span railway masonry bridge combining in situ observations, laboratory tests and damage modelling. Engineering Structures, 56, 837-849.
[7]. Ercan, E., Alver, N., & Nuhoglu, A. (2015). Evaluation of material properties by NDT methods and FEM analysis of a stone masonry arch bridge. Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics, 1(4), 168-172.
[8]. Fanning, P. J., & Boothby, T. E. (2001). Threedimensional modelling and full-scale testing of stone arch bridges. Computers & Structures, 79(29-30), 2645-2662.
[9]. Gonen, H., Dogan, M., Karacasu, M., Ozbasaran, H., & Gokdemir, H. (2013). Structural failures in refrofit historical murat masonry arch bridge. Engineering Failure Analysis, 35, 334-342.
[10]. Grandjean, A., & Brühwiler, E. (2009). Load-bearing capacity of masonry arch bridges using a plastic model. Protection of Historical Buildings, 195-200.
[11]. IRICEN. (2009a). Inspection, Assessment, Repairs and Retrofitting of masonry arch bridges. Indian Railways Institute of Civil Engineering, Pune, India.
[12]. IRICEN. (2009b). Indian Railway Standard Code of Practice for the design and construction of masonry and plain concrete arch bridges (Arch Bridge Code). Indian Railways Institute of Civil Engineering, Pune, India.
[13]. Mahdikhani, M., Naderi, M., & Zekavati, M. (2016). Finite element modeling of the influence of FRP techniques on the seismic behavior of historical arch stone bridge. Computers and Concrete, 18(1), 99-112.
[14]. Milani, G., & Lourenço, P. B. (2012). 3D non-linear behavior of masonry arch bridges. Computers and Structures, 110-111, 133-150.
[15]. Molins, C., Casas, J., & Roca, P. (2007). Ultimate capacity of a curved multi-span arch bridge subjected to th railway loads. In Proceedings 5 International Conference on Arch Bridges (pp. 593-600).
[16]. Raj, S. E., Srinivas, V., & Sakaria, P. E. (2014). Failure Behaviour of Masonry Arch Bridges using Finite Element Analysis. International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, 4(11), 125-130.
[17]. RDSO. (2009). Bridge Rules, Research Designs and Standards Organization, Lucknow, India.
[18]. Reccia, E., Milani, G., Cecchi, A., & Tralli, A. (2014). Full 3D homogenization approach to investigate the behavior of masonry arch bridges: The Venice translagoon railway bridge. Construction and Building Materials, 66, 567-586.
[19]. Sabale V. D., Borgave M. D., & Joshi P. (2014). Non- Linear Finite Element Analysis of Deep Beam. International Journal of Engineering Research &Technology, 3(5), 2134- 2139
[20]. Sowmiya, L. S., Shahu, J. T., & Gupta, K. K. (2010, December). Three Dimensional Finite Element Analysis of Railway Track. In Proceedings of Indian Geotechnical Conference-2010, GEOtrendz, IIT Bombay (Vol. 2, pp. 909- 912).
If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

Print 35 35 200
Online 35 35 200
Print & Online 35 35 400