Examination of the Relation between Burnout Syndrome and Ways of Coping with Stress in Teachers

G�?nselI Yildirim*
Associate Professor, Education Faculty, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey.
Periodicity:February - April'2017
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.10.4.13456


The aim of this study was to examine the relation between burnout syndrome and ways of coping with stress in teachers. It is a population screening study. Data were collected with Maslach Burnout Inventory – Educators Survey and Stress Coping Styles Scale. The study included 210 teachers working in state schools in Izmir, Turkey. Obtained data were analyzed with Spearmanrank correlation. The results showed significant relations between subscales of burnout and coping styles. There were significant negative correlations between all subscales of burnout and receiving social support, acceptance of stress, loss of interest in work, considering stress as something positive and planning skills. In addition, there were significant positive correlations between all subscales of burnout and substance use.


Burnout, Stress Management Styles, Teachers

How to Cite this Article?

Yildirim, G. (2017). Examination of the Relation between Burnout Syndrome and Ways of Coping with Stress in Teachers. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 10(4), 12-18. https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.10.4.13456


[1]. Antoniou A.S., Polychroni F., and Walters B., (2000). “Sources of stress and professional burnout of teachers of special educational needs in Greece”. Proceedings of the International Conference of Special Education, ISEC, Manchester, July, UK, pp. 24–28.
[2]. Arli, M. Nazik (2003). H. Bilimsel arastirmaya giris. Ankara: Gazi Kitabevi.
[3]. Baltas A., Baltas Z., (2006). Stres ve basa çikma yollari. Vol. 23. Basim. Istanbul; Remzi Kitabevi, pp. 23–307.
[4]. Bacanli, H. Sürücü, M., and Ilhan, T., (2013). “Basa Çikma Stilleri Ölçegi Kisa Formunun (BÇSÖ-KF) Psikometrik Özelliklerinin Incelenmesi: Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalismasi”. Kuram ve Uygulamada Egitim Bilimleri, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 81-96.
[5]. Bonfiglio, D., (2005). “The interaction of dispositional optimism and social support in the moderation of cardiovascular responses to acute psychological stress”. (Ph.D, Dissertation., Graduate School of the Ohio State University).
[6]. Burke R.J, Greenglass E.R, and Schwarzer R., (1996). “Predicting teacher burnout over time: Effects of work stress, social support, and self-doubts on burnout and its consequences”. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping Int. J., Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 261-75.
[7]. Carver, C.S., Scheier, M.F., and Weintraub, J.K., (1989). “Assessing coping strategies: A theoretically based approach”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 267-283.
[8]. Cotton, D.H.G., (1990). Stress Management. Brunner- Routledge, USA.
[9]. David I, and Quintão S., (2012). “Burnout in teachers: Its relationship with personality, coping strategies and life satisfaction”. Acta Med. Port., Vol. 25, pp. 145–155.
[10]. Fawzy F.I, Fawzy N.W, and Pasnau, (1991). “Burnout in the health professionals”. Handbook of Studies on General Hospital Psychiatry, Elsevier Science Publishers BV, pp.119
[11]. Fortney L, Luchterhand C, Zakletskaia L, Zgierska A, and Rakel D., (2013). “Abbreviated mindfulness intervention for job satisfaction, quality of life, and compassion in primary care clinicians: A pilot study”. Ann. Fam. Med., Vol.11, No. 5, pp. 412-20.
[12]. Friedman, I.A., and Farber, B.A., (1992). “Professional self-concept as a predictor of teacher burnout”. Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 86, pp. 28-35.
[13]. Gil-Monte P., (2005). “Burnout syndrome: An occupational disease in the welfare state”. Madrid, Pirámide.
[14]. Girgin, Yildirim G., (1995). “Ilkokul ögretmenlerinde meslekten tükenmisligin gelisimini etkileyen degiskenlerin analizi ve bir model önerisi”. Yayinlanmamis doktora tezi, DEÜ, Izmir, Türkiye.
[15]. Haberthür A.K, Elkuch F.M, Grosse Holtforth M, Hochstrasser B, and Soyka M., (2009). “Characterisation of patients discharged from inpatient treatment for burnout: Use of psychological characteristics to identify aftercare needs”. J. Clin. Psychol., Vol. 65, pp. 1039–1055.
[16]. Kim-Wan, M.O., (1993). “Teacher burnout: Relations with stress, personality, and social support”. Chinese University of Hong Kong Educational Journal, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 3-11.
[17]. Lazarus, R.S., & Folkman S., (1984). Stress, Appraisal, and Coping. New York: Springer.
[18]. Lazarus R., (1993a). “From psychological stress to the emotions: A history of changing outlooks”. Annu. Rev. Psychol., Vol. 44, pp. 1–21.
[19]. Lazarus A., (1993b). “Coping theory and research: Past, present, and future”. Psychosom. Med., Vol. 55, pp. 234–247.
[20]. Long, B.C., and Gessaroli, (1989). “The relationship between teacher stress and perceived coping effectiveness: Gender and marital differences”. The Alberta Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 35, pp. 308-324.
[21]. Maslach, C., and Zimbardo P.G., (1982). Burnout – The Cost of Caring. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
[22]. Maslach C., and Jackson SE., (1986). Maslach nd Burnout Inventory, 2 ed. Palo Alto, Consulting Psychologist Pres.
[23]. Montero-Marín J, García-Campayo J, Mosquera D, and López Y., (2009). “A new definition of burnout syndrome based on Farbers's proposal”. J. Occup. Med. Toxicol., Vol. 4, pp. 31.
[24]. Olkinuora M, Asp S, Juntunen, Kauttu K, Strid L, and Äärimaa M., (1990). “Stress symptoms, burnout and suicidal thoughts in Finnish physicians”. Soc. Psychiatry Psychiatr. Epidemiol., Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 81-6.
[25]. Selye, H., (1956). The Stress of Life. New York, NY: Mc Graw-Hill.
[26]. Stoeber, J., and Rennert, D., (2008). “Perfectionism in school teachers: Relations with stress appraisals, coping styles, and burnout”. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping: An International Journal, Vol. 21, pp. 37- 53.
[27]. Wallace S.L., Lee J., and Lee S.M., (2010). “Job stress, coping strategies, and burnout among abuse-specific counsellors”. J. Employ. Couns., Vol. 47, pp. 111–122.
[28]. Whatts, D., and Short, A., (1990). “Teacher Drug Use: A Response to Occupational Stress”. Drug Educ. doi: 10.2190/XWW0-7FBH-FXVB-2K3CJ 20, pp. 147-65.
[29]. Weinberger, D.A, Schwartz, G.E, and Davidson, R.J (1979). “Low-anxious, high-anxious, and repressive coping styles: Psychometric patterns and behavioral and physiological responses to stress”. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 88, No. 4, pp. 369-80. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1037/0021-843X.88.4.369

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.