Concrete is the most commonly used construction material in the entire world. However, deterioration of cement made structures are unavoidable right from the very beginning of service life, accompanied by maintenance and repair work, which is frequently labor-intensive and capital-intensive. During the 20th and 21st centuries, concrete was used widely worldwide as a building material. One of the significant signs of concrete technical advancement and overall quality growth is the rapid production of ready-mixed concrete, but there are some new issues. The most prominent issue is the higher likelihood of cracking caused by non-load factors, such as shrinkage cracks, thermal cracks and chemical reaction cracks, due to low concrete tensile strength. Cracking raises the probability of ingress of aggressive substances into the concrete, endangering the material's durability. Usually, Cracks are hand- mended, which is unsatisfactory because cracks are often difficult to find, and the cost of maintenance and repair is high. Self-healing of cracked concrete will also be extremely beneficial, and research on self-healing concrete has been extensively carried out.