Water Chemistry Of Suran River, District Poonch, Jammu And Kashmir State, India

B.A. Lone*, Amita Fotedar**, B.K. Fotedar***
* Post Graduate, Department of Geology, University of Jammu, Jammu (J&K State).
** Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Jammu, Jammu (J&K State).
*** Teacher's Training Institute and Modern Academy of Education, Talab Khatikan, Jammu (J&K State).
Periodicity:December - February'2012
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jce.2.1.1751


Studies carried out on fifteen water samples of the Suran river from Bonikhet to Surankot, Poonch district, Jammu Himalaya in respect of Si4+, Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, Na+, Fe2+, Mn2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, Zn2 and Pb2+ reveal Fe2+, Mn2+ and Si4+ concentration above permissible limits and hence toxic for human consumption. However, no element among the chemically analysed was found harmful as far as agriculture is concerned. Turbidity values of Suran river water were found higher because of higher index of erosion in the watershed areas of Suran river. The different parameters for water, with respect to agricultural use namely: SAR (Sodium Adsorption Ratio), SSP (Sodium Soluble Percentage), RSC (Residual Sodium Carbonate), MR (Magnesium Ratio), CR (Corrosivity Ratio), EC (Electrical Conductivity), TDS (Total Dissolved Salts), TH (Total Hardness as CaCO3 are found all below permissible levels. TDS values are found < 500 ppm and hence suitable for domestic use.


Water chemistry of Suran river, Polluting elements present and Control measures.

How to Cite this Article?

Lone, A, B., Fotedar, A., and Fotedar, B.K. (2012). Water Chemistry Of Suran River, District Poonch, Jammu And Kashmir State, India. i-manager’s Journal on Civil Engineering, 2(1), 21-29. https://doi.org/10.26634/jce.2.1.1751


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