How Do Atheist, Christian and Muslim Elite Athletes Motivate Themselves before Competitions?

Emre Ozan Tingaz *
Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, Sport Sciences Faculty, Gazi University, Ankara and Department of Psychology, Institute of Social Sciences, Cag University, Mersin, Turkey.
Periodicity:August - October'2019


The objective of the present study was to examine how Atheist, Christian, and Muslim elite athletes motivate themselves before competitions. Using a semi-structured format qualitative design, seventeen elite male volleyball players were interviewed. For Muslim athletes, the focus was on “Praying” with the highest frequency, while for Christian athletes the “Visualization” had the highest frequency. For Atheist athletes, “Winning the Game” was the highest frequency. Muslim, Christian, and Atheist athletes had similar motivation focus point as; “Want to Do the Best”. When we compared the Muslim and Christian athletes, “Stay Alone” and “Want to Do the Best” were common motivation styles for them. They prefered to stay alone because of some reasons such as; suppress excitement, imagine, and relaxing. There was no similar expression between Muslim and Atheist athletes. “Desire to Win” and “Listen to Music” were common expressions for Christian and Atheist athletes.


Motivation, Religious Belief, Athlete, Atheist, Christian, Muslim

How to Cite this Article?

Tingaz, E. O. (2019). How Do Atheist, Christian and Muslim Elite Athletes Motivate Themselves before Competitions? i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 13(2), 20-28.


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