Effect of Donor Number of Plasticizers on Conductivity of Polymer Electrolytes Containing NH4F

Shuchi Sharma*, Naresh Dhiman**, Dinesh Pathak***, Rajiv Kumar****
* Research Scholar, Department of Physics, Sri Sai University, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India.
**-*** Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, Sri Sai University, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India.
**** Assistant Professor, Department of Physics, Goswami Ganesh Dutt Sanatan Dharam College, Hariana, Punjab, India.
Periodicity:January - March'2016
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jms.3.4.4825

Abstract

Polymer electrolytes based on ammonium fluoride (NH4F) and poly (vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (PVdF- HFP) have been prepared by solution casting technique using Tetrahydrofuran (THF) as a solvent and characterized by complex impedance spectroscopy. Maximum conductivity of 2.17x10-7 S/cm at room temperature has been obtained for polymer electrolytes PVdF-HFP+10wt%NH4F. The effect of different plasticizers Propylene Carbonate (PC), Dimethylformamide (DMF) and Dimethylacetamide (DMA) on conductivity behavior has been studied. It has been found that, the conductivity of polymer electrolytes increases by three orders of magnitude from 10-7 to 10-4 S/cm with the addition of plasticizers. Maximum room temperature conductivity of 8.8x10-6 S/cm, 7.8x10-5 S/cm and 1.1x10-4 S/cm has been observed for plasticized polymer electrolytes containing PVdF-HFP+30 wt% NH4F and 95 wt% PC, DMF, DMA respectively, which can be explained on the basis of donor numbers of plasticizers used. The addition of plasticizer to polymer electrolytes has been observed to decrease in glass transition temperature (Tg ). The variation of conductivity with temperature suggests that, these polymer electrolytes are thermally stable and small change in conductivity with temperature is suitable for their use in practical applications like solid state batteries, fuel cells, electro chromic devices, super capacitors, etc.

Keywords

Conductivity, Tetrahydrofuran, Donor Number, Plasticizer, Ammonium Fluoride.

How to Cite this Article?

Sharma, S., Dhiman,N., Pathak, D., and Kumar, R. (2016). Effect of Donor Number of Plasticizers on Conductivity of Polymer Electrolytes Containing NH4F. i-manager’s Journal on Material Science, 3(4), 28-34. https://doi.org/10.26634/jms.3.4.4825

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