The intelligence of the hands: studying the origin of pedagogical craft education

*, Gisli Thorsteinsson**
* -**University of Iceland
DOI : https://doi.org/

Abstract

Pedagogical craft was established in the Scandinavia around 1950 under the name Sloyd. The ideology was developed by European educators from 16th and 17th century. Sloyd aimed to educate children holistically via a carefully structured system for teaching craft. The child became the centre of the educational activities and the development of the capabilities of the whole person. Sloyd had a noted impact on the early development of manual training, manual arts, industrial education and technical education in many countries. The pedagogy had a humanistic character and its principles were guidelines for the whole activity in the subject. Individual development and self-realisation were at the centre of the subject, rather than just technical knowledge and skill taught by the teacher. The system aimed to fulfil the demands of a holistic education by fostering the entire human being’s capabilities. At the same time, it prepared the individual for the future working life, in accordance with the needs of an industrial society.

Keywords

pedagogy, craft, pedagogical craft, Sloyd, general education, handicraft.

How to Cite this Article?

Brynjar Olafsson and Gisli Thorsteinsson (2012). The Intelligence of the Hands: Studying the Origin of Pedagogical Craft Education. i-manager’s Journal on Educational Psychology, 5(3), Nov-Jan 2012, Print ISSN 0973-8827, E-ISSN 2230-7141, pp. 1-8.

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