Assessment of Air Quality Health Index: Status of Ambient Air Quality for Noamundi Mines and Surrounding Area, Jharkhand

Surajit Panda *, Manish Kumar Jain**, Krishnendu Banerjee***, A. T. Jeyaseelan ****
*-*** Indian Institute of Technology (ISM), Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India.
**** Consultant, National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) & Former Scientist of NRSC / ISRO.
Periodicity:February - April'2019
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jfet.14.3.15285

Abstract

In modern years, numerous occurrences of air pollution proceedings in India have periodically caused terror and an important issue of discussion by pollution specialists of government and non-government organization or institutes. It may cause both long and short-term impacts on the environment and human health. Therefore, Canadian Environmental division proposed a new term, Air Quality Health Index (AQHI) to measure the air quality status, based on health effects. In the present study, Noamundi mining area has been considered to study the Air Quality Health status as it is an active mines area. The PM10 (Particulate Matter), PM2.5, SO2 (Sulphur Dioxide), and NOx (Nitrogen Oxides) have been used as main air pollutants for the analysis. Normally, the results of AQHI varied in between 1 to 10, but it may be rarely higher above 10 through critical or very high pollution episodes like smoke. The higher pollution is observed at western to south-western part of the study area (Average: 6-10). Somewhere in south-western part of the study area, it needs the limit of critical pollution level (above 10). The north-western, North-eastern part of the study area reflects the low level of health risk (within 3) and south-eastern part of the study area registered the moderate level (health risk 6). From the Exceedence Factor (EF) analysis, it is concluded that the PM2.5 and PM10 are the main reasons for higher health risk at south-western part as it falls in the core zone of the mining.

Keywords

Relative AQH Index, Exceedence Factor, Quality rating, PM2.5, Air Quality standard

How to Cite this Article?

Panda,S., Jain,M.K., Banerjee,K., and Jeyaseelan, A.T. (2019). Assessment of Air Quality Health Index: Status of Ambient Air Quality for Noamundi Mines and Surrounding Area, Jharkhand.i-manager’s Journal on Future Engineering and Technology,14 (3), 20-26. https://doi.org/10.26634/jfet.14.3.15285

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