Smart Earthquake Resistant Structure by Low Cost Housing Technique

Manjesh Srivastava*, Vikas Kumar**
*-** Department of Civil Engineering, Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Periodicity:March - May'2017
DOI : https://doi.org/10.26634/jste.6.1.13475

Abstract

An earthquake is an inevitable natural calamity which has drastic negative effects pertaining more on infrastructure that exists. In the lifespan of a building, it is one of the phenomena that cannot be prevented from its occurrence. Thus, it poses a great challenge for structural engineers to protect the buildings along with safeguarding the life of humans and animals during this natural event. With the advent of time, designers have incorporated the usage of smart technologies in the projects undertaken. These efforts are in purview of keeping the structures safe during earthquake and at the same time, managing the cost of structure as well. The cost can be reduced by selective analysis of materials to be used in addition to the integration of smart technology. This will lead to low cost and durable solution for structures to be protected against earthquake, thereby reducing the risk of loss of lives. To study the effect of one such smart technology i.e. usage of 'spring isolator' as a shock absorber for waves generated because of underground movements has been studied. Keeping in mind the limits of developing nations, more often populated with lower and middle income groups, it demands for solutions that are more dedicated to this section of society. Though, the implementation of earthquake resistant methods to safeguard the structures is of utmost concern, people raise the issue of cost to be borne while installing there of homes Therefore, it necessitates the efforts to have low cost technology that can be adopted by lower groups as well. To highlight the effect of cost constraints, a comparison has been made between the traditional and newer low cost technologies in this paper.

Keywords

RCC Building, Filler Slab, Spring Base Isolator, Earthquake Resistant Structure, Natural Frequencies of Building

How to Cite this Article?

Srivastava, M., and Kumar, V. (2017). Smart Earthquake Resistant Structure by Low Cost Housing Technique . i-manager’s Journal on Structural Engineering, 6(1), 7-15. https://doi.org/10.26634/jste.6.1.13475

References

[1]. Hatem Tagel-din, and Kimiro Meguro, (2000). Analysis of a Small Scale RC Building subjected to Shaking Table Tests using Applied Element Method. M.Tech. Thesis.
[2]. A.K. Jain, and B.C. Punamia, (1979). RCC Design (Reinforced Concrete Section). Laxmi Publication 1979.
[3]. Hong-wang, M.A. Lu- Xi-lin, (2002). “State Key Laboratory for Disaster Reduction in Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China); Some Problems about Performance-based Seismic Design”. Journal of Tongji University, Vol. 12.
[4]. Tagel-Din, H., and Meguro, K. (1998). “Consideration of Poisson's ratio effect in structural analysis using elements with three degrees of freedom”. Bulletin of Earthquake Resistant Structure, IIS, University of Tokyo, No. 31, pp. 41-50.
[5]. Meguro, K., and Tagel-Din, H. (1998). “A new simplified and efficient technique for fracture behavior analysis of rd concrete structures”. 3 International Conference on Fracture Mechanics of Concrete and Concrete Structures (FRAMCOS-3), Gifu, Japan, Vol. 2, pp. 911-920.
[6]. Meguro, K., and Tagel-Din, H. (1999). “Simulation of buckling and post-buckling behavior of structures uses applied element method”. Bulletin of Earthquake Resistant Structure, IIS, University of Tokyo, No. 32, pp. 125-135.
[7]. Meguro, K., and Tagel-Din, H. (1997). “Development of a new fracture analysis method with high accuracy based th on discontinuous material modeling”. 16 Annual Conf. on Natural Disaster Reduction, Osaka, Japan.
[8]. Tagel-Din, H., and Meguro, K. (1998). “Applied element simulation for collapse analysis of structures”. Bulletin of Earthquake Resistant Structure, IIS, University of Tokyo, No. 32, pp. 113-123.
[9]. Meguro, K., Iwashita, K., and Hakuno, M. (1991), “Fracture analysis of media composed of irregularly shaped regions by the extended distinct element method”. Structural Eng./Earthquake Eng., Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 131s-142s.
[10]. Meguro K., and Hakuno M., (1989). “Fracture analyses of structures by the modified distinct element method”. Structural Eng./Earthquake Eng., Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 283s-294s
[11]. Kusano, N., Aoyagi, T., Aizawa, J., Ueno, H., Morikawa, H., and Kobayashi, N. (1992). “Impulsive local damage analysis of concrete structures by the distinct element method”. J. of Nuclear Engineering and Design, No. 138, pp. 105-110.
[12]. Amadei, B., Lin, C., and Dwyer, J. (1996). “Recent st extensions to the DDA method”. 1 Int. Forum on Discontinuous Deformation Analysis (DDA), Berkley, California, Ed. Salami & Banks.
[13]. Okada, T., Kumazawa, F., Horiuchi, S., Yamamoto, M., Fujioka, A., Shinozaki, K., and Nakano, Y. (1989). “Shaking table tests of reinforced concrete small scale model structure”. Bulletin of Earthquake Resistant Structure, IIS, University of Tokyo, No. 22, pp.1340.
[14]. Kumazawa, F., and Okada, T. (1992). “Shaking table tests of reinforced concrete small scale model structure (Part 2)”. Bulletin of Earthquake Resistant Structure, IIS, University of Tokyo, No. 25, pp. 25-37.
[15]. Tagel-Din, H. (1998). A New Efficient Method for Nonlinear, large deformation and Cracking Analysis of Structures. (Ph.D. Thesis, Civil Eng. Dept., the University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan).
[16]. Okamura, H., and Maekawa, K. (1991). “Nonlinear analysis and constitutive models of reinforced concrete”. Gihodo Co. Ltd., Tokyo.
[17]. Ristic, D., Yamada, Y., and Lemura, H. (1986). “Stressstrain based modeling of hysteretic structures under earthquake cause bending and varying axial loads”. Research report No. 86-ST-01, University of Civil Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
[18]. Aiken, I.D., Kelly, J.M., and Tajirian, F.F., (1989). “Mechanics of low shape factor elastomeric seismic isolation bearings”. Report No. UCB/EERC-89/13, University of California, Berkeley.
[19]. Bomhard, H., and Stempniewski, L., (1993). “LNG Tanks for seismically highly affected sites”. Intl. Post-SMiRT Conference Seminar on Isolation, Energy Dissipation and Control of Vibrations of Structures, Capri, Italy.
[20]. Srivastava Manjesh, and Chaurasiya Sri Ram, (2016). “Smart Earthquake Resistant RCC Building Structure”. International Journal for Scientific Research and Development IJSRD, Vol. 4, No. 1, ISSN Online: 2321 0613, pp. 415-420.
[21]. Bonacina, G., et al., (1994). “Seismic base isolation of gas insulated electrical substations: Design, experimental, and numerical activities, evaluation of the applicability”. th 10 European Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vienna, Austria.

Purchase Instant Access

Single Article

North Americas,UK,
Middle East,Europe
India Rest of world
USD EUR INR USD-ROW
Pdf 35 35 200 20
Online 35 35 200 15
Pdf & Online 35 35 400 25

If you have access to this article please login to view the article or kindly login to purchase the article
Options for accessing this content:
  • If you would like institutional access to this content, please recommend the title to your librarian.
    Library Recommendation Form
  • If you already have i-manager's user account: Login above and proceed to purchase the article.
  • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.